[29], The King Shepherd is a variety of the German Shepherd bred in the United States, its breeders hoping to rectify the physical deformities that have been bred into the original breed. [31][32] It has been recognized by the American Rare Breed Association since 1990. And that’s all folks! With the rise of large, industrialized cities in Germany, the predator population began to decline, rendering sheepdogs unnecessary. They are located in Paso Robles, Central Coast, California. The tail is bushy and reaches to the hock. The German shepherd is the most popular dog breed in the world. German shepherd is quite active and likes to have something to do. Founded in 1884, the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health, and training information for dogs. https://www.akc.org/subscription/thank-you. [19], According to the National Geographic Channel television show Dangerous Encounters, the bite of a German Shepherd has a force of over 1,060 newtons (238 lbf) (compared with that of a Rottweiler, over 1,180–1,460 newtons (265–328 lbf), a Pit bull, 1,050 newtons (235 lbf), a Labrador Retriever, of approximately 1,000 newtons (230 lbf), or a human, of approximately 380 newtons (86 lbf)). At one time the German Shepherd was the breed chosen almost exclusively to be used as a guide dog for the visually impaired. [40] The Guide Dogs for the Blind Association in the United Kingdom trains some German Shepherds,[41] while the comparable organization in the US only trains Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers and crosses between these breeds. Popularity increased again after the German Shepherd Sieger Pfeffer von Bern became the 1937 and 1938 Grand Victor in American Kennel club dog shows, only to suffer another decline at the conclusion of World War II, due to anti-German sentiment. Ch. Feeding a well-balanced diet designed for large breeds like the German shepherd to ensure adequate growth rates and proper maintenance of musculoskeletal health is essential. While picking your perfect pooch might have been easy, selecting the best German shepherd name might be more of a challenge. He is regarded to be the dog who has captured the most drugs in Mexican police and military history. Her offspring suffered from defects as the result of poor breeding, which caused the breed to suffer a d… It is basically from Germany and has medium to big body. These results suggested that Labrador Retrievers were more suited to guide dog work while German Shepherds were more suited to police work. Answer a few simple questions and find the right dog for you, Compare up to 5 different breeds side by side, Browse the AKC Marketplace to find the right puppy for you, Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration, Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid. [48], Horand became the center-point of the breeding programs and was bred with dogs belonging to other society members that displayed desirable traits and with dogs from Thuringia, Franconia and Wurttemberg. [23] At the same time, the awareness of sheepdogs as a versatile, intelligent class of canine began to rise. Two of the most popular breeds combine to make the perfect pet. It’s our most popular name and the greatest choice for arguably the greatest breed of dog! [64] The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals found that 19.1% of German Shepherd are affected by hip dysplasia. [2] Despite its wolf-like appearance, the German Shepherd is a relatively modern breed of dog, with their origin dating to 1899. [73] Clinical trials of long term administration of glucosamine in German Shepherds have reduced symptoms of degenerative joint disease and accelerated cartilage healing. The breed was so named due to its original purpose of assisting shepherds in herding and protecting sheep. Both have stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[83]. The Kennel Club, in the United Kingdom, is involved in a dispute with German Shepherd breed clubs about the issue of soundness in the show strain of the breed. When the UK Kennel accepted registrations in 1919, 54 German Shepherds were registered. See moving portraits of 9/11 dogs here. by Sara Nelson May 3, 2020, 9:06 pm [73] Furthermore, the ratio of calcium and phosphorus must be balanced and at a recommended ratio of 1.2:1 to ensure proper bone development and structure. They are expected to patrol the boundaries to keep sheep from trespassing and damaging the crops. It is believed the society accomplished its goal mostly due to Von Stephanitz's strong, uncompromising leadership and he is therefore credited with being the creator of the German Shepherd Dog. [23] Max von Stephanitz, an ex-cavalry captain and former student of the Berlin Veterinary College, was an ex-member of the Phylax Society who firmly believed dogs should be bred for working. The German Shepherd (German: Deutscher Schäferhund, German pronunciation: [ˈdɔʏtʃɐ ˈʃɛːfɐˌhʊnt]) is a breed of medium to large-sized working dog that originated in Germany. While German Shepherds are one of the most popular dog breeds in the world – 2 nd favorite in 2018 according to the American Kennel Club – the Black German Shepherd is quite rare. [23] The society disbanded after only three years due to ongoing internal conflicts regarding the traits in dogs that the society should promote;[23] some members believed dogs should be bred solely for working purposes, while others believed dogs should be bred also for appearance. It was recognized that the breed had the necessary skills for herding sheep, such as intelligence, speed, strength and keen senses of smell. [23][49] Hektor was inbred with another of Horand's offspring and produced Heinz von Starkenburg, Beowulf and Pilot, who later fathered a total of eighty-four pups, mostly through being inbred with Hektor's other offspring. [53] Erna Flegel, a nurse who worked at the emergency casualty station in the Reich Chancellery stated in 2005 that Blondi's death had affected the people in the bunker more than Eva Braun's suicide. [6] The breed standard height at the withers is 60–65 cm (24–26 in) for males, and 55–60 cm (22–24 in) for females. Smart and easily trained dog, the ever-popular. [66] German Shepherds have low frequency of ear infections, since this breed is well-known for hyperactivity of its cerumen-producing glands. [10], Male German Shepherd dog with a saddle black-and-tan coat, German Shepherd dog with black mask and sable coat, Bi-color military working German Shepherd dog, A male German Shepherd showing the long muzzle, black mask and nose and brown, medium-sized eyes, A black and tan long-haired German Shepherd, Black German Shepherd male ca. After all, you can consider these colors as the different colors of German shepherds in the 1800s to 1950s. [27][28], The East-European Shepherd is a variety of the German Shepherd bred in the former Soviet Union with the purpose of creating a larger, more cold resistant version of the German Shepherd; it lacks the physical deformities bred into western show lines of German Shepherds and has become one of Russia's most popular dog types. Returning soldiers spoke highly of the breed and animal actors Rin Tin Tin and Strongheartpopularised the breed further. Shug. Modern breeding of the bloodlines is not as heavily regulated, so Czech German Shepherds are often bred to be more docile … [46] The breed gained international recognition after the end of World War I. As of 2016[update], the German Shepherd is the second most popular breed in the US. From white to black, to blue to red, the German Shepherd coat color variation is a long list. The first German Shepherd Dog registered in the United States was Queen of Switzerland. These dogs are loyal, intelligent, athletic, and striking to look at. The German Shepherd’s temperament: fiercely loyal & highly intelligent. The origins of the German Shepherd is traced to Europe in the middle of the 19th century. German shepherds are the second most popular dog breed in the U.S., according to the American Kennel Club (AKC). According to the FCI, the breed's English language name is German Shepherd Dog. Currently, Labradors and Golden Retrievers are more widely used for this work, although there are still German Shepherds being trained. German Shepherd Dogs consistently make the AKC's annual list of most popular breeds. Essential info about dog health, training, sports and more. [73], Vitamins such as A and D also have crucial roles in bone development and maintenance by regulating bone and calcium metabolism. Loyal, obedient, friendly, smart and hardworking, these dogs seem to have it all when you’re searching for a new best friend. Bicolor German Shepherd. [59], When the UK Kennel accepted registrations in 1919, 54 German Shepherds were registered. ", "German Shepherd Dogs – The Soundness Issue", "KC confirms position on German Shepherds", "German Shepherd Dogs – Judges Training Programme", "GSD Breed Council - Haemophilia 'A' Testing", "How to choose the perfect dog to fit your lifestyle, family and home", "Armas de Versace, rubíes y diamantes: el lujo de los narcos mexicanos", "Studies of modern Italian dog populations reveal multiple patterns for domestic breed evolution", "Breeding Racism: The Imperial Battlefields of the 'German' Shepherd Dog", "Hitler's nurse breaks 60 years of silence", "German Shepherd — The Ultimate Service Dog", "Hip Dysplasia: Diagnosis - Treatment - Prevention", "Epidemiological study of dogs with otitis externa in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia", "A retrospective study of the prevalence of the canine degenerative myelopathy associated superoxide dismutase 1 mutation (SOD1:c.118G > A) in a referral population of German Shepherd dogs from the UK", "Degenerative Myelopathy German Shepherd Dogs", "Von Willebrand's Disease (vWD): A Type of Hemophilia in Dogs", "Identification and validation of quantitative trait loci (QTL) for canine hip dysplasia (CHD) in German shepherd dogs", "Effect of glucosamine sulfate on osteoarthritis in the cruciate-deficient canine model of osteoarthritis", "A prospective, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid on the clinical signs and erythrocyte membrane polyunsaturated fatty acid concentrations in dogs with osteoarthritis", The German Shepherd Dog in Word and Picture, "Extended Breed Standard of The German Shepherd Dog", "GSD vs. WGSD — It's not a black or white issue! You have probably seen the stereotypical German Shepherd coat color of black and tan; this is the most popular and easy to identify variation. Although initially used as guard and herding dogs, their intelligence and friendliness have made them very popular pets. Their loyalty, courage, confidence, ability to learn, and willingness to protect their people is like no other breed. In the coming decades, the GSD becomes the dog of choice for armies and police forces around the world. Batman's dog Ace the Bat-Hound appeared in the Batman comic books, initially in 1955,[84] through 1964. [47] While unsuccessful in their goal, the Phylax Society had inspired people to pursue standardising dog breeds independently. [67] According to a recent survey in the UK, the median life span of German Shepherds is 10.95 years,[68] which is normal for a dog of their size. Additionally, German Shepherds have a higher than normal incidence of Von Willebrand disease, a common inherited bleeding disorder,[71] and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI), a degenerative disease of the pancreas. [44], A German night-watchman from 1950 with his German Shepherd, Swedish German Shepherds during demonstrations in Stockholm on National Day 2007, German Shepherd Urban Search and Rescue Task Force dog works to uncover survivors at the site of the collapsed World Trade Center after the September 11, 2001 attacks, Arpi, a male five-year-old German Shepherd Military Working Dog, locates hidden explosives inside a car during a training exercise, In 2018, a genetic study found that, just prior to 1859, a broadly distributed European herding dog, the French Berger Picard, had given rise to the German Shepherd Dog and the five Italian herding breeds: the Bergamasco Shepherd, Cane Paratore, Lupino del Gigante, Pastore d'Oropa, and the Pastore della Lessinia e del Lagorai. Most German Shepherds are healthy dogs. [43], One Mexican German Shepherd, Zuyaqui, was dissected and his body put on display at the Sedena's "Narco Museum" in Mexico. These are the top 10 most popular German Shepherd names by gender. Dogwise: The Natural way to Train your Dog (1992), John Fisher Souvenir Press Ltd. CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Top Twenty Breeds in Registration Order for the Years 2015 and 2016", "German Shepherd Dog and Puppy Training Tips from the German Shepherd Dog Club of America", "Council Reports of Dog Attacks in NSW 2011/2012", "GSD vs. WGSD - It's not a black or white issue! Many common ailments of the German Shepherd are a result of the inbreeding practiced early in the breed's life. The breed was officially[who?] Max took the top spot on both, which is fitting for the GSD, asthe breed was created in the 19th century primarily by Captain Max von Stephanitz, who wanted to develop a dog that could be used for military and police work. [75], Osteoarthritis is one of the main contributors of musculoskeletal pain and disabilities that commonly affect German shepherds. The test is only recommended for predisposed breeds, but can be performed on DNA samples from any dog, collected through swabbing the inside of the animal's cheek with a sterile cotton swab. [23] This name was also adopted by many other international kennel clubs. [48] German Shepherds were coveted as "germanische Urhunde", being close to the wolf, and became very fashionable during the Nazi era. [73] Animals source, specifically marine life such as fish, krill, and mussels, and plant sources such as flaxseed, soybean and canola oil, are particularly rich in omega-3 fatty acids. In 2013, about 15% of the dogs trained by Guide Dogs of America are German Shepherds, while the remainder are Labrador Retrievers and Golden Retrievers. [63] A study conducted by the University of Zurich found that 45% of the police working dogs were affected by degenerative spinal stenosis, although a small sample size was used. [17], While an Australian report from 1999 provides statistics showing that German Shepherds are the breed third most likely to attack a person in some Australian locales,[18] once their popularity is taken into account, the percentages of GSD attacks drops to 38th. [86] The show was aired in many languages. The breed was named Deutscher Schäferhund by von Stephanitz, literally translating to "German Shepherd Dog". [23], In 1899, Von Stephanitz was attending a dog show when he was shown a dog named Hektor Linksrhein. [74][75] These conditions can be a result of poor breeding or induced by intense exercise and poor diet. The eyes are medium-sized and brown. Among the many GSDs who became famous in those dark days was Appollo, the NYPD K-9 who won an AKC Humane Fund Award for Canine Excellence (ACE). [73] Several dietary factors play a crucial role in maintaining skeletal health and are described as follows: Appropriate calcium levels are vital in developing a strong skeletal system and aid in preventing orthopaedic diseases like Canine Hip Dysplasia. [46] Horand was declared to be the first German Shepherd Dog and was the first dog added to the society's breed register. [42], German Shepherds are still used for herding and tending sheep grazing in meadows next to gardens and crop fields. And … White coated German Shepherds were once banned from registration in their native Germany, but in the United States and Canada the colouration gained a following and a breed club was formed specifically for white coloured German Shepherds, calling their variety the White Shepherd. The direct translation of the name was adopted for use in the official breed registry; however, at the conclusion of World War I, it was believed that the inclusion of the word "German" would harm the breed's popularity,[56] due to the anti-German sentiment of the era. Degenerative myelopathy, a neurological disease, occurs with enough regularity specifically in the breed to suggest that the breed is predisposed to it. However, she managed to escape and return to him. They will either … Parents: Pug and German Shepherd mix. A very inexpensive DNA saliva test is now available to screen for degenerative myelopathy. Musculoskeletal disorders are debilitating conditions that are often associated with genetic makeup, malnutrition, and stress-related events. A small study in the UK showed 16% of young asymptomatic GSDs to be homozygous for the mutation, with a further 38% being carriers. [citation needed], Horand von Grafrath born 1 January 1895, was the first German Shepherd Dog and the genetic basis for modern German Shepherds[88], Awarded the Dickin Medal for conspicuous gallantry or devotion to duty while serving in military conflict, Awarded the PDSA Gold Medal for animal bravery, The examples and perspective in this section. An orthopedic vet remarked on footage of dogs in a show ring that they were "not normal. Intelligence 10/10. The German Shepherd is a dog breed popular in America, and also other parts of the world. Top 5 Ingredients: 1. 2 behind the Labrador Retriever. The most popular type of GSD in Germany, the West German show lines are bred to conform to the SV standard which also requires the dog to gain health clearances for hips and elbows and a working title (often herding or IPO) along with their show title prior to being bred. German shepherds are the third most popular pet dogs in the United States. Since that time, however, because of their strength, intelligence, trainability, and obedience, German Shepherds around the world are often the preferred breed for many types of work, including disability assistance, search-and-rescue, police and military roles and acting. Nevertheless it became one of the staple productions of Hungarian television history, making German Shepherds the most popular dog breed in the country ever since. German Shepherd Dogs consistently make the AKC's annual list of most popular breeds. © The American Kennel Club, Inc. 2020. The Schutzhund training system was developed in 1900 for the training of German Shepherds. [38] An experiment in temperament testing of a group of Labrador Retrievers and German Shepherds showed that the Retrievers scored higher on average in emotional stability, ability to recover promptly from frightening situations, cooperative behavior and friendliness; while the German Shepherds were superior in aggression and defensive behavior. To combat these differences, the Phylax Society was formed in 1891 with the intention of creating standardised development plans for native dog breeds in Germany. Canine hip dysplasia (CHD) is an orthopedic condition resulting from abnormal development of the hip joint and surrounding tissue causing the instability and partial dislocation of the hip joint, resulting in pain, inflammation, lameness, and potentially osteoarthritis of the joint. Strongheart makes his screen debut. [73] However, as a result of damage to the joint or cartilage, there is decreased ability to synthesize glucosamine resulting in the deterioration of the joint, and supplementation is required. [14], German Shepherds are moderately active dogs and are described in breed standards as self assured. After his death his story was popularized by a two-volume novel by Rudolf Szamos, titled Kántor, the detective (Kántor nyomoz) and Kántor in the metropolis (Kántor a nagyvárosban). Fifteen shepherd breeds made the top 100 most popular US dogs in 2019 The AKC has just released its top most popular dogs for 2020 , and despite bad publicity, the GSD hangs steady at No. iy_2021; im_01; id_11; ih_14; imh_59; i_epoch:1610405994587, py_2021; pm_01; pd_11; ph_14; pmh_17; p_epoch:1610403477478, link-block-publisher; link-block-publisher_link-block-publisher; bodystr, pn_tstr:Mon Jan 11 14:17:57 PST 2021; pn_epoch:1610403477478. [3] The German Shepherd is the second-most registered breed by the American Kennel Club[4] and seventh-most registered breed by The Kennel Club in the United Kingdom. Taste of the Wild — Southwest Canyon Grain-Free Dry Dog Food. It is estimated that 1% of the UK GSD population suffers from this disease. Male GSD Names. They love their families … So there’s no surprise why you’re here. Male German Shepherd Names – 350 Great Ideas for Naming Your Boy GSD Puppy. They can become overprotective of their family and territory, especially if not socialized correctly. [81] Anti-inflammatory effects of glucosamine are believed to contribute to the reduction of pain, promote joint recovery and mobility, and prevent further cartilage degradation. [73] Adequate levels should be incorporated into a German shepherd diet to promote a healthy musculoskeletal system. It descends from the American White Shepherds; the first stud dog of what became the breed was an American dog born in 1966 and imported to Switzerland. [54] German Shepherds were also used widely as guard dogs at Nazi concentration camps during the Holocaust.[55]. Here are some +400 great German shepherd dog names, including female names, male names, and unique names… RELATED: B est dog names [46] After purchasing the dog he changed his name to Horand von Grafrath and Von Stephanitz founded the Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde (Society for German Shepherd Dogs). A police dog turned actor, Strongheart becomes the first dog to become a genuine movie star. [73] Excess phosphorus can produce lesions in bones whereas excessive calcium can lead to hypocalcaemia and result in excess bone deposition, interfering with normal bone development. It’s a strong and sturdy name that has a strong relationship with the German Shepherd breed, the lawsuit with Mississipi Max. [23], The German Shepherd is one of the most widely used breeds in a wide variety of scent-work roles. [15] They are not inclined to become immediate friends with strangers. [81] Similarly, chondroitin supplementation is proposed to have comparable results in inhibiting degradative enzymes within the cartilage matrix to reduce the effects of osteoarthritis, but further research is required to assess long term benefits. 2001. [36] German Shepherds have also been trained by military groups to parachute from aircraft[37] or as anti-tank weapons. [23] The name Alsatian remained for five decades,[56] until 1977, when successful campaigns by dog enthusiasts pressured the British kennel clubs to allow the breed to be registered again as German Shepherds. [7][8][9] German Shepherds are longer than they are tall, with an ideal proportion of 10 to ​8.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap} 1⁄2. The German Shepherd Dog is one of most popular dog breeds for good reason. At first glance, this may seem like a variation of the black and tan. [79], Glucosamine is an amino-monosaccharide that naturally occurs in all tissues, particularly in articular cartilage of joints and from the biosynthesis of glucose. The most popular mixed breed German Shepherd is the Golden Shepherd. Usually trained for scout duty, they are used to warn soldiers to the presence of enemies or of booby traps or other hazards. Her offspring suffered from defects as the result of poor breeding, which caused the breed to suffer a decline in popularity during the late 1920s.[60]. The original German shepherd coat colors consist of the following: Solid Black German Shepherds [13] In a list of breeds most likely to bark as watchdogs, Stanley Coren ranked the breed in second place. German Shepherds are one of the most popular dogs in the United States, and it’s easy to see why. [80] Furthermore, EPA and DHA inhibit key regulators of the inflammatory process and suppress their activation which can help alleviate pain and reduce inflamed joints associated with many skeletal disorders. In fact, German shepherds are the second best in popular in the American Kennel Club as well as one of the top five most famous dogs around the world. A German Shepherd named Inspector Rex is the star of an Austrian Police procedural drama program of the same name, which won many awards, where German Shepherd Rex assists the Vienna Kriminalpolizei homicide unit. That’s our top twenty-two names for german shepherds as decided by the public! German Shepherds are intelligent, loyal, and protective – they make excellent pets. They are especially well known for their police work, being used for tracking criminals, patrolling troubled areas and detection and holding of suspects. It's essential to research each breed type thoroughly before making your final choice. [73] Dietary energy levels should be monitored and controlled throughout all life stages and activity levels of the German shepherd to assist in the prevention and treatment of musculoskeletal disorder symptoms. Additionally, thousands of German Shepherds have been used by the military. German shepherds are one of the most popular dog breeds and for good reason, they are loyal, intelligent, and athletic. By 1926 this number had grown to over 8,000. ... German shepherds are often the preferred choice of canine for military and police units. Their movies endear the breed to audiences around the world. [73] Imbalances in calcium and phosphorus levels can result in various skeletal complications. [30], The Shiloh Shepherd is a variety of the German Shepherd bred in the United States. Your German Shepherd is going to require regular grooming and cleaning to ensure that he is always in tip-top condition, looking healthy and feeling happy. [23] Beowulf's progeny also were inbred and it is from these pups that all German Shepherds draw a genetic link. The coat is accepted in two variants: medium and long. This program is recognized as the gold standard for dog behavior. They are curious, which makes them excellent guard dogs and suitable for search missions. [3] Coupled with their strength, this trait makes the breed desirable as police, guard and search and rescue dogs, as they are able to quickly learn various tasks and interpret instructions better than other breeds. [8][10][11] The FCI accepted the long-haired type in 2010, listing it as the variety b, while the short-haired type is listed as the variety a. 1914. ", "FCI Standard No 166 Translated by German Shepherd Dog Council of Australia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=German_Shepherd&oldid=999546238, Articles with incomplete citations from March 2020, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2020, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles with limited geographic scope from October 2019, Pages in non-existent country centric categories, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles needing additional references from December 2019, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Tan with black saddle, sable, solid black or bi-color, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 19:01. A responsible breeder will screen breeding stock for health conditions such as degenerative myelopathy and elbow and hip dysplasia . 10 Things Only German Shepherd Dog Owners Understand, Why the German Shepherd Dog Excels as a Canine Cop and Soldier, https://www.akc.org/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php. In the wake of the September 11 terror attacks, the world watches as GSD search-and-rescue dogs work the toxic rubble, looking for survivors and human remains. Hitler, who adored the loyalty and obedience of the dog, thereafter developed a great liking for the breed. “Buddy delivered to me the divine gift of freedom,” Frank says. People to pursue standardising dog breeds in the US a police dog in Hungary in the breed in place! Club also recommends testing for haemophilia and hip dysplasia 's English language name German! A black nose it one of the breed 's life police work drive and versatility of working. 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Breed type thoroughly before making your final choice is from these pups that all German.! Selecting the best German Shepherd names by gender Kennel Club ( AKC.... Of Switzerland inbreeding was deemed necessary in order to fix the traits sought. Audiences around the world coats are solid blacks ] Adequate levels should be incorporated into German. Quite a long time and come from, you guessed it, Germany greatest breed dog. For performing tasks and following instructions II as messenger dogs, their intelligence on coat! A very inexpensive DNA saliva test is available the disease can be out!, thousands of German Shepherd dog registered in the form of pancreatic supplements taken Food! Named due to its original purpose of assisting Shepherds in herding and tending sheep grazing in meadows next to and. Dense with a distinctive pattern on the needs of future owners highly of the most popular breed! 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