2) With posture holding . Marin RS, Biedrzycki RC, Firinciogullari S (1991), Reliability and validity of the Apathy Evaluation Scale. The scores on the AS range from zero to 42 points, with higher scores indicating great- MDS Rating Scales Program. see Clarke et al., 2011), examples of which include Marin’s Apathy Evaluation Scale (Marin et al., 1991), Neuropsychiatric Inventory apathy subscale (Cummings et al., 1994), the Frontal Systems Behavioural Scale – apathy subscale (Grace and Malloy, 2001) and scales assessing negative symptoms (Andreasen, 1982; Kay et al., 1989). Reliability, validity, and clinical correlates of apathy in Parkinson's disease. Over 6 months, 61 patients participated in a clinical study of levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) and were evaluated using the AS and other clinical tools. Differential diagnosis and classification of apathy. evaluated five subgroups (healthy elderly adults, patients with left hemispheric stroke, right hemispheric stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, and major depression) by using the apathy evaluation scale and the Hamilton rating scale for depression . There is an extensive list of psychometric scales published to assess apathy [46,62,63], however, for the purpose of this review we have focused on those which have been published using HD patients. Abstract. 1994). All rating scale activities are managed under the MDS Rating Scales Program including scale licensing, translation, marketing, education and training, and new scale development. Although no previous scales have been comprehensively designed to directly measure the subdomains of apathy, factorial analysis of current scales … 1-9 Tremor (rate tremor) 1) At rest (in repose). Apathy is a debilitating but poorly understood disorder characterized by a reduction in motivation. the Apathy Scale (AS)12 – an instrument with 14 questions adapted from Marin’s original 18-item Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES) – their group showed that apathy has major prognostic implications in AD. Background: Whereas apathy is increasingly recognised as a frequent abnormal behaviour in dementia, its overlap with depression remains poorly understood. For head and trunk, when lying down . apathy overlaps with a range of other behavioural and psychological factors, including mood and some aspects of personality and cognitive function.3 The apathy evaluation scale (AES) proposed by Marin et al4 is currently the scale most often used to assess apathy. Starkstein and coworkers devel-oped a 14-item Apathy Scale(Table II), Marin RS, Firinciogullari S, Biedrzycki RC: Group differences in the relationship between apathy and depression. The MDS Rating Scales Program was developed to support the Society’s efforts and management of MDS-owned rating scales. Our apathy quiz will separate the try-hards from the don't-cares. This article presents evidence for the reliability and construct validity of the Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES). 1990 Jan;147(1):22-30. Review (PubMed Abstract)Marin RS, Biedrzycki RC, Firinciogullari S. Reliability and validity of the Apathy Evaluation Scale. head and trunk: when sitting or standing The Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES; Marin, Biedrzycki, & Firinciogullari, 1991) is the most widely used measure of apathy and thus the adequacy of intervention and research of apathy is tied to the effectiveness of this scale in distinguishing and tapping into the sub-domains of apathy … This instrument consists of 18 items that can be administered as a self-rated scale, as a caregiver scale… It is pervasive in a majority of psychiatric and neurological diseases, and impacts everyday life. Marin et al. Whilst many tools have been developed to assess levels of apathy in clinical disorders, surprisingly there are no measures of apathy suitable for healthy people. Marin RS. Marin RS, Biedrzycki RC, Firinciogullari S: Reliability and validity of the apathy evaluation scale. Psychiatry Res 38(2):143-162. The Apathy Evaluation Scale, devised by Dr Marin, asks questions such as whether you like to see a job through to the end and whether you need to be told what to do, and so on. Centered around evaluation, the scale can either be self-informed or other-informed. Whether apathy is part of depression or not, there are tests to tease it out, which is all that counts. 2, 10 For the most part, the scale was found to be a single factor scale with apathy accounting for 32% to 53% of the variance. 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