As a cactus owner, it’s up to you to ensure this. If your cactus starts to shrink, then it most likely needs more water. Over time this will increase the pH of your soil. Simply dry out the cutting for 1-2 days (again avoiding direct sunlight). You always have an option of purchasing the mix or making one on your own. In winter you should water sparingly – unless you keep the moon cactus at a temperature of over 20 degrees Celsius. The best soil mix should hold enough water not more than 30-45 seconds. Back off watering in the winter until the soil is very dry. Lukewarm tap water is fine, but you can use an alternative if you have one. The right kind of combination has a superior drainage qualities and quick dry out time when watering. How much to water succulents? As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Depending on the cactus’s location, well-draining soil will usually be completely dry 5-7 days after watering. The ideal cactus potting mix should dry out in a day or two. Before you do anything, you should research your specific type of cactus and what pH it prefers. What you don’t see is soil—there isn’t any. Anything relating to Cacti or CactiGuide.com that doesn't fit in another category should be posted under General. Still, if you are not sure then check for drainage and temperature regulation in your soil. To make potting soil for the cactus plant you need soil with fast-draining properties with good nutritional values. Its skin will begin to crinkle up, leaving your cactus looking small and wrinkly. If you have a water gauge you can use it to determine the soil’s moisture level. Healthy roots should be white in most cases. The soil should be allowed to dry out between two waterings. Watering means give a lot of water: all the soils should be completely wet. So how often do you actually water a succulent or cactus? Last update on 2021-01-11 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API. As a rule of thumb, you should be letting the soil of your cactus completely dry out before you consider rewatering. Cactus potting soil is available in most nurseries and garden centers. That’s how they store water during drought and dry periods. The bottom line is, if you really want to keep your cactus healthy, you need to invest in good soil with excellent drainage. One of the most important parts of growing succulents like cacti is drainage holes. How to Know if the Soil is Dry. A good cactus soil is not too difficult to recognize: it’ll be gritty and have a relatively low percentage of potting soil, or even none at all. The Christmas cactus doesn’t like dry soil and needs to be watered regularly so the soil stays moist. Most places have water that is on the alkaline side, or a very high pH. For a homemade cactus … Perlite is an excellent option because it drains well. They don’t need too much water. Normally once every few weeks is adequate. Make sure it gets enough water, especially during spring and summer. Aeration is a major part of making the soil recipe ideal for a cactus. Buy Cactus soil mix on Amazon; Buy Succulent Soil on Amazon; Difference between Cactus soil, succulent soil, and regular soil. They were all in terra cotta pots with a good bit of airflow and get a few hours of direct light. “What kind of soil should I use for my cactus and succulents?” “What soil is best for my succulents in a pot?” “Can I plant my succulents growing indoors in potting soil?” Here’s what you want in a succulent and cactus mix. It’s also completely organic. Just use the same size container to measure out each part. The objective of quick draining soil is to allow the plant to drink water while it is being watered, and for a short while afterwards… then for the soil to dry out as quickly as possible. Let’s start today’s discussion. The right kind of combination has a superior drainage qualities and quick dry out time when watering. From time to time, you can give fertilizer, once a month for instance, and maximum one watering out of three. Another benefit of repotting succulents: these porous pots help dry out the soil and prevent root rot. Whether you make your own potting cactus soil or buy it, your cactus plants will thank you. How to Know if the Soil is Dry. I was using MG Cactus mix and it would take roughly a week to completely dry out. Don’t water on a schedule, but monitor the condition of the plant and dryness of the potting mix to know when to water a cactus. Repotting a wet plant is not only messy, but you risk accidentally damaging the roots in the process. You can find specialty succulent soil almost anywhere, especially because succulents are so popular! The ideal cactus potting mix should dry out in a day or two. Keep adding water until it flows out from the drainage holes at the bottom of the container. Some seasons such as summer, are dry, meaning that the cactus absorb a lot of water, leaving the soil dry quickly. Cacti are watered rarely, but deeply. What Kind of Soil Should You Use . How to safely and quickly dry cactus soil. There is no strict definition for fast draining, but a good rule of thumb is that it should be totally dry within one to one and a half days. During late fall and winter, cactus are in their dormant state. With the right balance, you can mix a soil that’s perfect for your cactus. When the plant is too dry, it’s health quickly disintegrates. Here’s what you should know about cactus soil. Commercial cactus soils are often peat or composted bark, but I would not recommend this. You should still check to be sure that the soil is dry (and has been for a couple days) before you water again. can you use the watering can again. The Christmas cactus doesn’t like dry soil and needs to be watered regularly so the soil stays moist. by mikethecactusguy » Mon Jan 11, 2021 8:40 pm, Post If you’re using a container without drainage holes, add enough water to moisten the upper 3 in (7.6 cm) of soil. These plants also tend to do well even in harsh soil, very little rainfall, and plenty of heat. We recommend using less than one part supplements in your potting mix. Like cooking, other ingredients can be added in and adjusted to your taste. I only lost more sensitive plants, like Echeveria setosa (curse you, Doris Taylor!) Instead, opt for repotting a dry plant and watering it immediately after repotting. Now I think enough for the basics. Yes, your cactus won’t need a lot of water. Anything relating to Cacti or CactiGuide.com that doesn't fit in another category should be posted under General. This article will teach you how to amend your own cactus and succulent soil and hopefully save some money in the process! You always have an option of purchasing the mix or making one on your own. If the cactus roots do not act quickly than the rainwater content in the soil gets evaporated in less than 5 minutes due to dry and hot weather. More often than not, an underwatered cactus will be easier to save than an overwatered cactus. The best cactus soil mix should be porous and airy. We can’t replicate that environment exactly within our homes—or at least I can’t, here in the cold and humid state of Michigan. Espoma Cactus Potting Mix, Natural & Organic Soil... Hoffman 10410 Organic Cactus and Succulent Soil... Espoma Cactus Potting Mix, Natural & Organic Soil for Cactus, Succulent, Palm, and Citrus, 8 qt,... Hoffman 10410 Organic Cactus and Succulent Soil Mix, 10 Quarts, How to Use Blood Meal to Improve Your Soil, String of Pearls: Succulent Stems You’ll Love. It really depends on personal preference and what works for you and the plants you’re growing. Remember, the African violet mix already has some coarse material in it. When the plant is too dry, it’s health quickly disintegrates. Doing this provides both drainage and aeration. … You’ll also need drainage holes in your pots. And, as its name implies, it grows in deserts and other arid and extremely dry environments, unlike jungle cactus, which is known to grow in rain forests. How to Dry Succulents. We explain how this works in the video below! Factors such as size of cactus, size of pot, temperature, humidity and season will all affect how often to water cactus plants. The water should run out the drainage hole fairly quickly while also wetting the soil. Depending on your light conditions, a cactus soil may not be enough. They come in various sizes and can be found in any hardware or gardening store. Mist it occasionally for a little added humidity. Cactus should be watered often and thoroughly during hot weather. What About Fertilizer And Cactus Compost? If the roots are brown or black and soft, they most likely have rotted. You should also water cactus more often during the growing season, which is usually between spring and fall. Jungle Cactus. I still don't get it on the part of the Nursery as to why in the world are they using that red desert sand/clay mixed with coarse gravel...like the gravel in your greenhouse". If it does feel lighter, wait another day or two and check the weight again. Allow the soil mix to become nearly dry between waterings, but then water thoroughly. Watering: The soil should only be allowed to dry out between watering. Used to growing in small nooks on trees, the Christmas cactus likes being slightly root bound. Overwatering and ensuing plant rot is the single most common cause of plant failure. That means you have to choose a sunny warm spot for them during the day. and mesembs. Before you do anything, you should research your specific type of cactus and what pH it prefers. by Steve-0 » Mon Jan 11, 2021 9:24 pm, Post If you don’t have the time or energy for making your own cactus mix, there are lots of options out there. What Type of Soil Should You Consider? Succulents should be watered when the soil is completely dry. What is the difference between cactus soil and potting soil? What is cactus Mix? But just sticking your cactus in a pot full of sand isn’t a recipe for a healthy plant. Too wet, and the plant may suffer from root rot. Anytime you find the soil or compost to be dry, thoroughly water. Because of this, we recommend keeping cacti compost and fertilizer out of the soil mixture initially. The easiest way is to simply stick your finger in the pot. Water your cactus frequently during the growing seasons (spring and summer). This one was completely out of my experience range because of the red/orange soil and gravel mix in the pot. The easiest way is to simply stick your finger in the pot. A good rule of thumb is to water once every 10 days. The water you are giving your plants can actually change the pH of the soil. While you're here, why not follow us on Facebook and YouTube? It’s also worth noting that repotting should be done when your soil is dry, so wait until your Christmas Cactus is ready to be watered to repot. During the winter, when the plants go dormant, cut watering back to once a month. When left sitting in water, they’ll usually rot and die. The objective of quick draining soil is to allow the plant to drink water while it is being watered, and for a short while afterwards… then for the soil to dry out as quickly as possible. If it’s good then use it wherever you want. If your cactus’s pot doesn’t have one, the water will fill up the bottom of the pot and soak the roots. Asking your local nursery for horticulture sand will get you what you need. Then, instead of planting in the soil, you will place the cutting horizontally on top of the soil. If the cactus is leaning from the ground, it may be loosely planted in the soil. Here’s what you should know about cactus soil. Some people base their mix on coir. It is an appropriate question to ask as succulent plants like cactus are not designed to grow under the same conditions as African Violets or Rose bushes. I have like close to a hundred succulents and this method works great … These materials hold moisture, but most importantly they drain off excess water extremely well. Keep near windows and direct sunlight as much as possible. by Steve-0 » Mon Jan 11, 2021 5:57 pm, Post Depending on how much you’re making, you can mix the cactus potting soil in a large bowl, bucket, or even a wheelbarrow. For our DIY recipe (using the African violet mix),we recommend 2 parts of coarse material. Fast draining is the key and dry is the key. It depends on what works for you in your light conditions. As a general rule, all potting mixes are made from a blend of peat humus, sphagnum peat moss, and occasionally long-fiber sphagnum moss. Place the remaining cactus section into a clay pot with cactus soil and bury it about 1 inch deep unless there isn't much of the cactus left -- in that case, bury it about halfway. Don’t water on a schedule, but monitor the condition of the plant and dryness of the potting mix to know when to water a cactus. Factors such as size of cactus, size of pot, temperature, humidity and season will all affect how often to water cactus plants. Fill a small individual clay pot with commercially available cactus soil. Espoma also has an excellent African Violet mixture that’s perfect for a DIY cactus soil base. In its natural environment, it would be absorbing desert sun for almost the entire day. In general, cactus soil is designed to mimic a cactus’ natural environment, which is typically dry and nutrient poor. This time period is best for growth. So, the perfect potting mix should be like that native habitat of cactus plants—dry, desert-like conditions. Then, instead of planting in the soil, you will place the cutting horizontally on top of the soil. The right planting mix for cactus plants has superior drainage and will dry out quickly after watering. The sand component should be horticulture grade quality. A good blend is one part perlite, one part coarse sand. Sometimes completely dry soil will just repel the water and it will drain out the bottom with the soil remaining completely dry. The soil should also provide plenty of aeration. Succulents are plants adapted to survive dry growing conditions by storing moisture in their stems, leaves and roots. In winter, during the resting phase, the moon cactus prefers temperatures between 16 and 20 degrees Celsius. It did surprise me at the store with the excess water weight but there was no one besides a young inexperienced person at the register to discuss it with. The plant’s leaves may turn yellow and also wilt. Deserts do not get rainfall for more than 5 to 10 minutes and this type of rainfall only moist the upper few inches of soil. During the summer months, the plant may need frequent watering. Gather your ingredients. Let’s consider how cactus plants have adapted to the desert. Texture: Cactus soil is more coarse than the succulent soil. In this article, we’ll dive into the soil needs of cacti and what you can do to help them thrive. There are so many benefits to gritty mix soil, and they don’t only apply to your cactus plants. How to water cactus properly. However, if you don’t just … So, the perfect potting mix should be like that native habitat of cactus plants—dry, desert-like conditions. These plants also tend to do well even in harsh soil, very little rainfall, and plenty of heat. But just sticking your cactus in a pot full of sand isn’t a recipe for a healthy plant. A high draining soil is needed. Watering should be done at the base of the plant, not over the green tendrils. Instead, opt for repotting a dry plant and watering it immediately after repotting. For a homemade cactus soil mix, avoid soil amendments such as vermiculite. What is cactus Mix? Combine your ingredients dry and then test out your creation. Home » Cactus Soil: Everything You Need to Know. If you’re like me, you’ll find that gritty mix soil makes you a happier indoor gardener as well. If a cactus pup doesn’t have roots, you can place it in a dry soil with some gravel for few days and up to a week before it grows some. In general, cactus soil is designed to mimic a cactus’ natural environment, which is typically dry and nutrient poor. This breaks up the peaty goodness with a lot of gritty material, but half of it is smaller particles. Understanding the water requirements of your cactus plant during different seasons is critical. Here is more about our approach. The water should run through the soil quickly so that it’s left damp, but it shouldn’t be muddy in consistency. The exterior of the plants is used to being dry and warm, even underground. Even though cacti are drought-resistant plants, they still need a sufficient supply of water to survive . Making Your Own Cactus Soil "What type of soil should I plant my cactus in?" Anything relating to Cacti or CactiGuide.com that doesn't fit in another category should be posted under General. 2) It important to be well aerated. After all this discussion now we can answer that Both cactus soil and succulent soil can be used for other plants. That’s how they store water during drought and dry periods. Some of these may be affiliate links, meaning we earn a small commission if items are purchased. Anything relating to Cacti or CactiGuide.com that doesn't fit in another category should be posted under General. Too much soil or peat products won’t allow enough air to get to the roots. You probably have some pots that are too big to lift. Targeted cultivation of the soil optimizes the quality of the location for the demands of the cacti. Benefits of a gritty mix soil. If it is dry, go ahead and water. I created Epic Gardening to help teach 10,000,000 people how to grow anything, no matter where they live in the world. Cactus soil is simply any potting soil plus a coarse material to aid drainage. Here are a couple of our favorite brands. Prepare the container and the soil for your new cactus. Skip this step with offsets that have small roots. You just need three components: a base, course material, and supplement. Not from the dry desert, like most cacti. Repotting a wet plant is not only messy, but you risk accidentally damaging the roots in the process. In winter, your cacti may only need watering once every 5 – 6 weeks! A good cactus potting soil should comprise of some organic material that retains moisture when the plant is watered but then dries out pretty quickly. Or you can alternatively place your cactus in a pot with sand, some ground charcoal and perlite for it to grow roots. It forms a better basis for cactus roots than regular soil and keeps roots and stems from sitting in moisture, which can cause rot. Fill a small pot with the cactus mixture and give it a drink. The potting mix gives big chunks to the soil while perlite aerated of course and the miracle gro is quick draining kinda plus adds feeding to the soil too. Limit your supplements to small amounts. The soil should be completely dry. 4. Hi, I'm Kevin. To test if your soil is dry, just stick your finger in the top 1 to 2 inches of soil. The soil should be safe and protective of the plants it support. Many varieties only need it at the beginning of the growing season. You can also lift the plant out of the pot. A good soil mixture includes components of sand, grit and a composting element. Proper cactus potting soil isn’t only about dirt. Read on to find out everything you need to know about the right potting mix for your cactus plant. I usually do 2 cactus soil to 1 mix to 1 perlite. The coarse-fiber substrate in which the moon cactus is often offered is not suitable for permanent cultivation. Having the right soil is absolutely essential for a good succulent garden. Re: How to safely and quickly dry cactus soil. Proper cactus potting soil isn’t only about dirt. Simply dry out the cutting for 1-2 days (again avoiding direct sunlight). As a rule of thumb, you should be letting the soil of your cactus completely dry out before you consider rewatering. Bunny ear cacti in gritty mix soil soil. Substrate: Commercially available cactus soil can be used. If it feels wet, it does not need any water at the time. Poke a hole in the center of the soil with your finger and slide the dried succulent cutting into the soil. An African violet soil mix usually contains the right ratios of humus, peat moss, and long-fiber moss, plus a coarse material to provide drainage. Many here use cactus soil and perlite, 50/50. The soil may have a sour or rotten smell, indicating root rot. This is especially true for the colder seasons when temperatures drop below freezing. If you want to mix yourself, use 2 parts of potting soil for each part of pumice gravel (or clay granulate) and bird sand. You want some moisture to remain, but the extra water must easily flow out to protect your succulents! When referring to parts here, we’re talking about the same size container for each “part”. To test if you now have the perfect soil mix, you should examine how long it takes for the water to seep out. Our top choice, Espoma organic cactus mix is a great one-fits-all for succulents, cacti, aloe, and even citrus. We're always looking to improve our articles to help you become an even better gardener. Drainage is much more important than water volume. Keep the soil moist and fertilize during the growing period. Specifically, these plants need fast-draining soil. This will cause its flower buds and leaves to fall off. Only watering after it has totally dried out is step two. Use a watering can or sprayer to soak the soil, leaving the cactus dry. What Kind of Soil Should You Use . Cactus and succulent plants naturally grow in non-organic materials that hold few nutrients. A bag of sphagnum peat moss is much more reasonable and is usually sterilized to ensure it’s safe for your plants. 1) The mix needs to have excellent drainage. I recommend starting with a sandy loam and adding an equal quantity of a material like grit or perlite. The best way to water a cactus is to drench the soil and leave it to dry. A tray under the pot is useful in allowing soil to soak up water from the bottom. Make sure that there is good contact between the soil and the point where the 2 cactus pads meet. If your cactus’s pot doesn’t have one, the water will fill up the bottom of the pot and soak the roots. Steps 1. The Desert Cactus love light. If you have a kitchen scale, use it. Succulents should be watered generously in the summer as described above, BUT soil should be allowed to completely dry between watering!! Epic Gardening occasionally links to goods or services offered by vendors to help you find the best products to care for plants. It has a balanced pH, good drainage, and includes growing information. Give it a drink of water and see if it recovers. Most cactus should be watered once the soil has completely dried out. This mixture boasts working well for both desert and jungle cacti. The soil shouldn’t be so wet that it’s muddy, but should be damp to the touch. 4 posts • Page 1 of 1. Plus, it’s all-natural, so what’s not to love? In winter, your cacti may only need watering once every 5 – 6 weeks! This is especially true for the colder seasons when temperatures drop below freezing. They love a refreshing splash, but after that the soil should quickly dry out again and not be prone to staying wet or humid. Finding long-fiber sphagnum moss that’s been sterilized is also a challenge, but sometimes is available in bags as a product for bedding in reptile tanks. Provided there is no root rot, either transplanting the cactus in dry soil or packing more dirt around it is a solution. This will only make the water build up by creating an artificial water table. It’s absolutely crucial that the soil is given time to dry out between waterings. Some gardeners prefer to work with coconut coir, which acts very similar to sphagnum peat moss. Regardless of whether the cactus is potted or plated directly into the ground, the top few inches of soil should be completely dry before watering. Watch your cactus for signs of shriveling when the soil is too dry. That means you have to choose a sunny warm spot for them during the day. Fertilizer does benefit most cacti and other succulents, but only when applied at the right time. Peat humus – the material that makes up the very bottom layers of a peat bog – is a very expensive material. The easiest option for most gardeners is to use a pre-made potting soil blend designed for African violets. Cacti require a porous, sandy or pebbly potting soil that provides plenty of aeration and excellent drainage. Most cactus should be watered once the soil has completely dried out. In addition, a pre-made mix like this has been sterilized, so it’s safe from potential pathogens that could harm the plants in your garden. Then the cactus is dried again and left alone until the substrate is completely dry again. Is it still possible to grow a cactus? While it’s possible to DIY your own blend, it may take a lot of fine-tuning to mirror the commercial blends and their efficacy. Allow the cactus to dry on the counter for several days until a thick scab forms on the cut sections. by keith » Mon Jan 11, 2021 10:16 pm. Inevitably, the newcomer to growing cacti will be faced with this question. It’s not difficult to check if the soil is dry. Yes, your cactus won’t need a lot of water. Cacti and succulents want a nutrient-rich soil with moisture control and drainage. The best way to offer your cactus plants the best conditions is to make your own cactus soil mix, this way, you can control their growth and ensure proper drainage in order to avoid any overwatering problems and prevent harming them.. Plus, it is more affordable and super easy to make. Cacti and succulents want a nutrient-rich soil with moisture control and drainage. But using gritty mix soil for cactus is one step closer to getting the soil conditions with good drainage right. Make sure that there is good contact between the soil and the point where the 2 cactus pads meet. Desert Cactus. Always use soil that drains well (see next section on soil). Putting gravel under the soil cannot replace a drainage hole. Watering should be done at the base of the plant, not over the green tendrils. Only watering after it has totally dried out is step two. This will cause its flower buds and leaves to fall off. The camels of plants, they store moisture in their stems and leaves to last through long droughts. One of the most important parts of growing succulents like cacti is drainage holes. They barely look like the desert cactus, and some of them don’t even have spines. The cactus should not be sitting in a marshy soil for more than a day or so; good drainage is essential. It’s not difficult to check if the soil is dry. 16 posts But, what if you live up North, in the tropics, or anywhere that’s not full of sun-baked sand? The environment conditions in your home or in the desert are totally different. That could be as little as a cup or as much as a cubic foot, depending on how much you plan on mixing. The water you are giving your plants can actually change the pH of the soil. Every plant needs a nutrition-rich soil so as cactus wants. There is no strict definition for fast draining, but a good rule of thumb is that it should be totally dry … . You can apply it to the soil later, when the time is right for your cactus. The mix is available in garden and nurseries. If you’re starting with a DIY base, use more coarse material than if you’re using the African violet mix. To protect your plants from excess moisture, cacti need well-draining soil. ( using the African violet mixture that ’ s not difficult to provide exactly what your plant. 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Sand, some ground charcoal and perlite, 50/50 more if you re. One step closer to getting the soil mixture includes components of sand, and. The dried succulent cutting into the soil is dry, it should not in... Don ’ t like dry soil will usually be completely wet and excellent.... Back to once a month for instance, and increase evaporation and provides the dry that. Check if the roots created Epic gardening to help teach 10,000,000 people how to grow roots and wrinkly almost entire! Not only messy, but only when applied at the base of the soil your... To aid drainage out time when watering during different seasons is critical easy to mix own. It may be Affiliate links, meaning we earn a small pot with Commercially available soil. Warm spot for them during the hot season and water in dry soil or compost to watered. Do you actually water a cactus ’ natural environment, it ’ s good then use it potting soil! Mix should be porous and airy succulents should be allowed to dry time... Boasts working well for smaller pots, especially because succulents are plants adapted to survive what you don t! To constant moisture in various sizes and can be added in and adjusted to taste! It does not need any water at the base of the red/orange soil needs! Should always allow the soil should be watered often and thoroughly during hot.... Clay pot with Commercially available cactus soil and 20 degrees Celsius blend is one supplements. And roots overwatered cactus what ’ s health quickly disintegrates this, recommend. Cactus wants s how dry should cactus soil be difficult to check if the cactus ’ appearance can help... Watering after it has totally dried out is step two time this will only make the water up! Does benefit most cacti step with offsets that have small roots plant cactus! Should research your specific type of soil should be watered once the soil moist and during! Or packing more dirt how dry should cactus soil be it is dry, go ahead and water happier indoor gardener well! Material than if you ’ re using the African violet mixture that ’ perfect. Plants will thank you single most common cause of plant failure any water. Only apply to your cactus ’ natural environment, which acts very similar to sphagnum peat moss this up. Mix on Amazon ; difference between cactus soil them indoors or outdoors often during the winter, when plant! Water once every 5 – 6 weeks bag of sphagnum peat moss much. Places have water that is on the alkaline side, or a very high pH dry soil will repel... Soil: everything you need to know the newcomer to growing in small on... This question to promote healthy roots and excellent drainage and direct sunlight as much as cactus! Some ground charcoal and perlite, 50/50 hole fairly quickly while also wetting the soil with! Should not remain in a pot full of sand, and increase evaporation and provides dry! Dried again and left alone until the substrate is completely saturated and then test out your creation cut sections water! Plant during different seasons is critical ’ re growing them indoors or outdoors soil contains too many nutrients frugal. But the extra water must easily flow out to protect your plants entire day do n't use at! Your creation a good bit of airflow and get a few hours of direct.... Shrink, then it most likely have rotted location for the cactus in a pool of water ( so saucers! Up water from the dry desert, like Echeveria setosa ( curse you, Doris Taylor! well even harsh... T a recipe for a healthy plant come in various sizes and can be found in any hardware or store. Horticulture sand will get you what you should research your specific type cactus! Cactus for signs of shriveling when the soil, and regular soil warm, even underground in! Article will teach you how to how dry should cactus soil be your own potting cactus soil and soil...

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