Composed in 12 days for his friend, the cellist Josef Srb-Debrnov, who organized small chamber concerts at his home, its public premiere was performed in February 1879 with Dvořák playing the harmonium, which added an exotic touch with its distinct reedy tone. He is considered one of the chief architects of Hungary’s musical culture in the 20th century.... As a pianist Dohnányi ranked among the greatest of all time.... As a master of chamber music he had few equals after Brahms.... As a conductor Dohnányi’s chief merit was the recognition of Bartók’s genius decades before others....” Born in Pozsony (now Bratislava) in 1877, he was first taught by his father. His overseas tours, however, continued and by 1914 he had crossed the Atlantic 26 times. Camille SAINT-SAËNS  String Quartet No. In 1927 he settled back in Warsaw to assume the directorship of the Warsaw Conservatory for 5 years, aiming to improve music education in Poland. 3 ▪ 1896 Jupiter concerts are made possible, in part, by public funds from the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs in partnership with the City Council, and the New York State Council on the Arts with the support of Governor Andrew Cuomo and the New York State Legislature. He fulfilled his long-standing desire to become a musician at the age of twenty when he went to Berlin’s Stern Conservatoire in 1860. 41, K. 551 “Jupiter” Mozart: Rondo for Violin and Orchestra, K. 250/248b “Haffner” Mozart: Adagio for Violin and Orchestra, K. 261 Mozart: Piano Concerto No. Abigel Kralik violin, Antonín DVORÁK  Bagatelles Op. The New Grove Dictionary contends that he is “the most important among those Italian opera composers contemporary with Donizetti, Bellini and Verdi whose works are no longer in the repertory.... After Mercadante’s death his reputation suffered a rapid decline. Inspired by Mozart’s Divertimento K. 563, the String Trio was written at a time when Beethoven became famous as a piano virtuoso in Vienna, dazzling audiences with his skill and improvisations.   â–ª voluptuous late Romanticism with an intense, powerful Andante. The New Grove Dictionary maintains that “His music displays mastery of the technical means of the Classics and the principles of polyphony, combined with a feeling for the new Romantic trends in music.”, Władysław Å»ELEŃSKI Piano Quartet in C Major Op.   â–ª marked by genuine melodic inspiration and brilliant use of instrumental color and timbre, the maverick’s breezy and sprightly trio for clarinet, violin, and piano affirms his assured compositional technique and gift for melody. He also founded his own conservatory in Berlin. Born in Bologna into a musical family, Respighi is best known for his three orchestral tone poems—Fountains of Rome, Pines of Rome, and Roman Festivals. Benjamin Beilman violin An illegitimate child born in Altamura near Bari, he learned to play the guitar and clarinet and in 1808, at age 11, he also studied flute, violin, singing, and composition at the Conservatorio di San Sebastiano in Naples. It was inspired by a previous event she had hosted—a heavyweight contest between Liszt and Thalberg to determine the greater pianist.   â–ª winsome character pieces in canon form, influenced by Schumann, and capturing various moods from contemplative to jaunty ~ for clarinet, viola, and piano. All performances, except where noted, are held at. He left two children, Hiawatha and Gwendolyn, both of whom had distinguished careers as conductors and composers. 47 ▪ 1878 Give to the TSO. 3 ▪ circa 1794 The first known recording of the Jupiter Symphony is from 1913, at the dawn of the recording era, making it one of the first symphonies to be recorded using the earliest recording technology. His friends and collaborators included Brahms, Ferruccio Busoni, Max Bruch, Artur Nikisch, and Mahler.   â–ª somber, mournful strains of sublime melodies tug at the heart. Janice Carissa piano It is thus not surprising that he composed these Hungarian-style pieces, which have enjoyed a phenomenal success. He performed its premiere with the Prill Quartet in Vienna. In 1840 he returned to Poland and, after his marriage, obtained a post as organist at St John’s in Vilnius, taught piano, conducted the theater orchestra, and presented many concerts, introducing audiences to works of Mozart, Haydn, and Mendelssohn. They became part of the artistic circle around the poet Carmen Sylva (the literary name of Elisabeth, Queen of Romania). Franciszek LESSEL  Grand Trio for Clarinet, Horn, & Piano Op. Molto allegro. The Toronto Symphony Orchestra is a charitable organization that relies on the support of its vibrant community to deliver outstanding programming and music education. To that was added, now that he welcomed me so warmly in Vienna, a deep, even rapturous love for Brahms the man. From 1874 to 1876 she studied the piano at the Royal Academy of Music, and from 1885 she studied composition with Thomas Wingham for 7 years. Jupiter Symphony Chamber Players. Born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, he was for a time the music editor and critic of the Pittsburgh Dispatch, and became a foremost expert on American Indian music. A chamber music Liszt himself wrote the introduction and a variation, the interludes, and a finale. Seldom performed, the Quintet was written when Bartók was 23. In their first concert for the 2021 season Richard Davis will conduct the sublime music of Mozart featuring his longest and last symphony, the magnificent “Jupiter” Symphony. 14 ▪ 1902 Join Our Mailing List! The son of a Greek scholar, Scott (1879–1970) was sent to the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt at age 12 to study music with Engelbert Humperdinck and Lazzaro Uzielli, one of Germany’s finest piano pedagogues. Unbeknownst to him at the time, Brahms was one of the judges. A pupil of Mozart, with whom he lived from the ages of 8 to 10, he also studied with Haydn, Salieri, and Albrechtsberger. In 1892 Burleigh studied at the National Conservatory in New York where its director, Dvořák, befriended him. Jennifer Frautschi violin Ludwig THUILLE  Trio in Eb Major Op. Belaiev also held concerts every Friday, followed by banquets, at his mansion in St. Petersburg. 9, K. 271 “Jeunehomme” Mozart: Symphony No. He is best known for his choral works. In 1879 he began his studies, steeped in Viennese Classicism, with Rheinberger at the Königliche Musikschule in Munich. To read about Zemlinsky and his importance see: orelfoundation.org/composers/article/alexander_zemlinsky, BRAHMS  Piano Trio No. The music publisher Barbara Garvey Jackson has said that Price’s “methods are actually quite close to Dvořák’s in the way she approaches the use of ethnic materials (both of the Old and the New Worlds).”, See also afrovoices.com/florence-price-biography/, Antonín DVOŘÁK  Piano Quintet No. The work of a fully mature composer, it is one of his most characteristic and idiomatic in its fusion of Czech nationalism and Austro-German traditions. His submissions in 1876 and 1877 also won first prize. He died four days before his 36th birthday in 1876.   â–ª commissioned for a final exam at the Paris Conservatoire, the duo for clarinet and piano in free form is an impressionistic whirlwind of technical challenges. Then he heard the premiere of Also sprach Zarathustra, met Strauss, and was inspired: “I was aroused as by a flash of lightning by the first Budapest performance of Also Sprach Zarathustra. The...Caprice here proves to be none other than ‘that’ tune yet again, subjected to grandly ironic display.”. Her subsequent violin studies with Engelbert Röntgen led to her marriage to his son, the German-Dutch composer and pianist, Julius Röntgen. Cadman did not teach. Scharwenka’s personality is magnetic, and this is reflected in his work.”.   â–ª a brilliant, bravura showpiece that ends with flashy fireworks ~ arranged by Hummel for piano and string quartet. A beginning and an end: For our first-ever Relaxed Performance for adults, we feature the last symphony Mozart ever composed—conducted by TSO RBC Resident Conductor Simon Rivard. Cynthia Phelps viola, Mathilde von KRALIK (1857–1944)  Phantasie in E minor ▪ 1927 Born in Hamburg, Mendelssohn grew up in Berlin. 39 in E-Flat Major, K. 543: 2. Born in Rastatt in 1850, the prodigy was fortunate to have supportive parents.   â–ª a big early work, the imposing Romantic quintet is shot with a dash of Liszt, Brahms, Strauss, and a distinct Hungarian flavor. Symphony No. 16 ▪ 1874 The longest and last symphony that he composed, it is regarded by many critics as among the greatest symphonies in classical music. Debussy, thrilled with Mimart’s interpretation, commented that this was one of the most charming pieces he had ever written. Born in Samter, Poland, Scharwenka (1850–1924) studied at Theodor Kullak’s New Academy of Music in Berlin, and made his debut at the Sing-Akademie in 1869. The performance closes with the last symphonic composition of Mozart's illustrious career, the giant and grand Jupiter Symphony. 23, K. 488 Mozart: Symphony No.   â–ª divine and downright memorable, the Quintet is superbly crafted in his own voice, with echoes of Brahms, Mendelssohn, and Schumann, In a review, John Miller cites its discovery and merit: “Bruch’s String Quintet in A minor was long thought to be lost, but in 1988 a copy by Bruch’s daughter-in-law Gertrude Bruch was found in the BBC Music Library. Frank BRIDGE  Piano Quintet in D minor ▪ 1912 When this piece was first performed at the exam on 14 July 1910, Debussy sat on the jury to hear 11 candidates. Mozart Jupiter Symphony. On 3 August 2020, the Moon, Saturn and Jupiter all came into alignment in Melbourne’s evening skies. Born in Cologne in 1838, Bruch wrote a symphony at age 14, and he conducted orchestral and choral societies in Mannheim, Koblenz, Sondershausen, Berlin, Bonn, Liverpool, Breslau, and Wraclaw. Jupiter 2018 - …   ~ comprising a buoyant exposition of 90 measures and 3 additional measures ~ the original is in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Johann Nepomuk HUMMEL  Piano Concerto No.   â–ª penned in one fantasy-like movement for piano and string quartet by the 20-year-old, expressing a wide range of emotions and with audacious virtuosity, Born in Wahoo, Nebraska, to Swedish parents, Hanson was Director of the Eastman School of Music for 40 years. William Wolfram piano Leone SINIGAGLIA  Romanza for Horn and Piano ▪ 1899 When a grave illness forced him to retire in 1884, Hiller recommended Brahms and his pupil Max Bruch as his successors. In 1859 he entered the renowned Jagiellonian University of Prague, where he continued his studies in philosophy and music (piano, organ, and counterpoint), graduating with a doctorate in philosophy in 1862. Give to the TSO. BRAHMS  String Quintet in F# minor ▪ 1862 Born into a highly cultured upper-class Austrian family, Kralik studied counterpoint privately with Anton Bruckner before entering the Vienna Conservatory, where she became Bruckner’s prize pupil and met Mahler.   â–ª sophisticated and subtly wrought, the Sonata is from a set of 3, arranged for string trio from the original for keyboard and published by Johann André in 1790. Born in Walla Walla, Washington, Bauer was Nadia Boulanger’s first American pupil.   â–ª an Elysian post-Romantic work by the “Most Popular Composer of 1930” ~ its use of ragtime elements in a classical composition is a first, anticipating the music of composers like Gershwin and Milhaud.   â–ª the first of 3 piano quartets, written by the precocious youngster at age 13, was dedicated to Prince Radziwiłł—unfailingly elegant and enjoyable, it’s no surprise it deeply impressed Goethe. 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