Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 18,670 times. However, despite the guava plant possessed hardwood stems, trunks, and branches, the plant has its own share of pests. Guavas have become invasive trees in some regions of Florida, Hawaii, and elsewhere. After you've removed the branch, take off your gloves and wash them. Pruning to Protect New Growth 1. Thinning is the removal of a whole shoot or branch, taking it back to its point of origin. Left to their own devices, fruit trees are self-defeating. Hence, select pruning the guavas in the shape of a bush or tree, or you can even grow them as a hedge. This plant has very few problems with pests & diseases. Guava flowers on new growth, so these cuts also induce the tree to produce more flowers and fruit. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Remove all other shoots. Properly pruning a guava tree is an important part of its care. Doing so will help the tree direct its energy toward growing large fruit, as opposed to a bunch of small fruit. Prune the new guava plant at 1-2 feet length to produce new lateral branches. Wait until Pruning Is Optimal. Guava is a shrubby tree that grows densely and will attempt to spread horizontally along the ground. If you are growing your papaya tree in the ground you should still use this method as it is a lot easier to harvest your papaya off your tree when it is in arms reach and not way up high in a tall tree. Unlike evergreen trees, pineapple and guava plants cannot tolerate pruning during the dormant season in winter, as this may result in you accidentally chopping off new shoots. If you are growing a papaya tree in a container then it is vital that you do prune your tree in this way as it will help keep your papaya tree dwarf and a good size for growing in containers. When to Prune Guava Trees. You follow the main branch that comes out of the ground. The tree is doing really well as far as I can tell, but it's a little thin presumably because of etiolation. By using our site, you agree to our. There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Prune your guava tree to give it a tree shape. When repotting, pruned the roots so that the plant can fit in the pot. If you are pruning yours to a tree shape, select a single trunk and 3 or 4 lateral (side) branches. Guava tree pruning should be performed in late winter or early spring. After withholding water, tip prune the branches to stimulate new growth. Trim up the side branches to keep them around 2 feet (0.61 m) to 3 … Many are the factors involved in defining the right way and time for pruning, including the type and age of the tree, the weather, the purpose of pruning, etc. Guavas are self-pollinating, so they only require one tree to produce fruit. Spray your guava tree just before flowering in the spring. Before you prune anything, I want you to understand two types of pruning cuts. It is important to prune established trees regularly to prevent them from spreading away from the original planting location. It also can depend on whether you have an early or late fruiting variety, but if you prune now you could be cutting of new growth and the tree can be more prone to pests and diseases getting in through the fresh wounds. Three types of cuts are used on guava trees: thinning cuts, heading back, and pinching. You can follow step by step instructions on My Kitchen Garden blog, here… How To Plant Guava Seeds. If you're looking to increase the quality of the fruit your guava trees produce, it might be time to prune them. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. These trees need fertilizer once a month; and before the pruning of tree, if given full organic manures, you can find a better result. Prune your guava tree to give it a tree shape. Pinch back the tips of the selected side branches when they are 2 to 3 feet (1 m.) long. Pruning should occur in late winter but it may be trimmed at any time. As far as taking care of your trees is concerned, you can fertilize every 3 months. If more than one branch comes out, select the thicker and remove the others. You have to pick off any mouldy fruits and funny leaves. Select a part of the landscape away from other trees, buildings and structures, and power lines. If you find that your pruners are not getting through the wood easily, you should upgrade to a larger size. If you are pruning yours to a tree shape, select a single trunk and 3 or 4 lateral (side) branches. Then, cut all branches lower than 80 cm (2.5 ft). They grow from Senegal and the Sudan to Namibia and the northern Transvaal. A jujube is more than a candy you often find at a movie theater concession stand. 1 Trim the evergreen guava shrub into a tree, starting when it is planted. It is crucial, therefore, to know how to prune fruit trees. 3.2 Production pruning. Otherwise the disease can spread. If your tree has multiple trunks, find the middlemost one and cut the others away at their base. The climate in these regions is hot year-round. The old growth will be brown, look shriveled, or will branch off from the branches with the newest fruit. Pruning a Guava. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. Guava Tree Care Guava tree care is simple and easy and with a few basic information, you can grow a healthy plant. Pineapple guava is an attractive large shrub that matures to about 12 feet. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. The fruits can be allowed to fully ripe on the tree or pick when they are fully-size and yet to fully ripe. Heading back means pruning individual branches to reduce their length. The guava tree should be repotted in every 2 years in the spring. Pruning a tree can improve its appearance, prevent pests and disease, and help the tree grow strong and healthy. When talking about tree pruning, knowing how and when to do it is vital. Rain falls during a six- to eight-month period, then the savanna stays dry for several months, often resulting in drought. Guava is a small tree indigenous to the American tropics that has become naturalized in most tropical and subtropical climates of the world. If you’re wondering how or when to prune guava trees, this article is for you. Prune guavas 3 to 4 months after planting to train them to the desired shape. Make sure you wear gardening gloves when you remove a diseased branch. These techniques allow you to control the horizontal spread of the tree. This tree will grow horizontally across the ground. Look for old growth in the middle of the branch. Guavas produce better with pruning. How to Prune a Jujube. Pruning A Potted Guava (Zone 7b) Andrew B. Trim the guava tree the following spring to remove water shoots -- the fast-growing upright shoots that form just below a pruning wound. % of people told us that this article helped them. Pineapple guava is an attractive large shrub that matures to about 12 feet. Prune after harvest to help keep the plant tidy and compact. The trees will fair fine with being watered once or twice per week for the first several months. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Shaping the tree and removing water shoots and suckers are generally all that is essential. Last Updated: March 29, 2019 If your tree is smaller than 80 cm, cut the branches lower than the half of the tree height. Prune guavas 3 to 4 months after planting to train them to the desired shape. As an evergreen shrub, red strawberry guava tree can reach a height of 15-20 feet, but should ideally be pruned to 12 feet in height, because the root system is relatively shallow and weak. Firstly, I like to keep a nice aesthetic to my trees, so I prune to a wine glass pattern. Guava is a small tree indigenous to the American tropics that has become naturalized in most tropical and subtropical climates of the world. Even when it typically prefers warmer climates, the strawberry guava tree is quite hardy in temperatures as low as 22°F (-5°C). Tall branches can also block sunlight from the tree which can result in limited fruiting. You can watch the video below on 3 different varieties of guavas… My guava tree never developed a main trunk. Tags: guava, pruning, video « How To Prune A Guava Tree Part 1. After this, prune your guava tree annually to maintain its symmetry and remove excessive growth. Follow the instructions on the amount of wetting agent to add. The temperature of 29 degrees or above is good for the guava. Combine with the recommended amount of water in a hose end receptacle sprayer. Dry, dead, damaged or diseased branches can be pruned anytime. Pruning. Then cut the tips of these branches to grow more branches. Excerpt from ” Pruning Fruit Trees: A Beginners Guide“ Two Types of Pruning Cuts. The guava tree should be repotted in every 2 years in the spring. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Pruning guava is essential to keep guava tree growing in a pot in desired shape and size to develop a strong structure, healthy plant and increased fruiting. Some people grow them in hedges, because the fruit is produced on new wood, so pruning doesn’t affect the crop. You can use whatever pruning shears you want, but the best are anvil pruners or bypass pruners rated for branches up to 2.5 in (6.4 cm) thick. Place a root cutting from the guava tree in each hole and fill the hole with soil. The pineapple guava tolerates almost any amount of pruning and can be used as a hedge or screen. Pinch back the tips of the selected side branches when they are 2 to 3 feet (1 m.) long. You can, therefore, choose to prune guavas into the shape of a tree or a bush, or even grow them as a hedge. The guava requires little pruning to fruit happily, but you can shape the shrub to a single trunk to encourage taller growth. Keep your tree healthy, and harvest all of your fruit without ever climbing a ladder. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. For ease of picking and ripening I cut mine off when it’s about 1.5 metres tall or it gets too unruly for my 2.5m-high tunnel house. Guava are heavy feeders, so fertilize them once every month or so. If you prune your guava in bush form, branches will emerge from near the ground. Pruning your tree more heavily in late winter or early spring will encourage the growth of large, high-quality guava. Many are the factors involved in defining the right way and time for pruning, including the type and age of the tree, the weather, the purpose of pruning, etc. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Today, the common guava (Psidium guajaba) is grown in places as far apart as Florida, Hawaii, India, Egypt, and Thailand. Hence, select pruning the guavas in the shape of a bush or tree, or you can even grow them as a hedge. Pruning. A different type of guava that is a much smaller bush is the strawberry guava or Psidium. This also stimulates a better root … Some people grow them in hedges, because the fruit is produced on new wood, so pruning doesn’t affect the crop. Guava Tree Care Guava tree care is simple and easy and with a few basic information, you can grow a healthy plant. Diseased branches and suckers can be removed at any time of year. The jackalberry tree, also known as the African ebony tree, grows on hot savanna grasslands and in woods in Africa. Almost all the branches that leave the mother branches, produce flowers so … The first act is to skirt prune the tree. Loppers look like hand shears, but with very long handles that allow you to reach higher branches. The termite mound surrounding a jackalberry tree helps moisturize the tree and provid… Used as a fruiting hedge or windbreak Strawberry Guava will reach 6m although it is easily pruned or trimmed to keep in shape. Slice the root into sections 5 to 10 inches in length with a clean, sharp knife. Pruning guava is essential to keep guava tree growing in a pot in desired shape and size to develop a strong structure, healthy plant and increased fruiting. Cut off old growth at the base of the stem. To avoid the trees getting to big, you can prune them every 2 to 3 years. From the integral study of all the factors arises how and when to prune each tree. Keep the tree small by continuously pruning the top and ends of the tree. Knowing When to Prune Prune fruit trees in the winter. This article has been viewed 18,670 times. Remove any suckers that appear at the base of the tree or above the roots, and cut back branches that spread too far. Pests. When you're finished, soak your pruners in rubbing alcohol for about 5 minutes to disinfect them. You'll want to start pruning around 3 to 4 months after the tree has sprouted. It can be pruning to maintain the shape is around the edges if desired. Guavas can be pruned or trained to form a large bush to allow easier harvesting, or into a small tree with a single trunk. Pruning. Watering. This video shows interesting facts about guava: If pruning of guava tree is done in the form of a bush, emerging of branches will be done two feet from the ground. Landscaping Uses. Trim up the side branches to keep them around 2 … Firstly, I like to keep a nice aesthetic to my trees, so I prune to a wine glass pattern. Pruning a Guava tree: Guava is a tree which is shrubby and grows in a dense manner. The best shears to use on your trees are hand pruners or loppers. Multiple trees should be 10 ft to 12 ft apart. This also stimulates a better root system. Guavas can take heavy pruning, though, and can be used as informal hedges or screens. Encourage pollinators, like bees to your yard by planting lavender, salvia, nasturtiums or catmint. Use a well-balanced fertilizer or one with a slightly higher nitrogen reading. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. If your tree has multiple trunks, find the middlemost one and cut the others away at their base. Although the trees are frost tender, adult trees may survive short periods of frost, but they can be grown in a greenhouse or sunroom in other regions. After the first growing season, I removed the nursery trellis and placed tree stakes about six feet apart on either side of the shrub and lashed two bamboo poles to the stakes that loosely lace through the guava… Thinning helps counteract the tree’s dense growth to let light and air in to the inner branches, which helps them stay healthy and productive. What a difference to your fruit trees when you give up heading and get thinning! Guava wood is soft, so you should be able to cut through the branch on the first try. You should remove about half of the guavas in the cluster, unless more than half look very small. Although once the formative pruning is carried out these trees do not require much pruning, mostly they are kept to around 2.5 metres in height to make harvesting easier. Sterilize pruning tool blades before use by dipping them in boiling water for 30 seconds or wiping them with a cloth dipped in rubbing alcohol. It is an attractive plant with huge plumage and grows to a height of 14 feet. You want to leave the branch collar, so the cut heals properly. Now, let’s learn how to prune a guava properly to encourage its healthy growth and maximize fruit production. Hi Caley, the best time to prune your feijoa tree is in winter or just after fruiting has finished. In the winter, your fruit tree is dormant (and … Fruit trees do not yield good produce on automatic, by no means. Commercial growers also conduct severe “crop cycling” pruning to delay fruiting on individual trees in the following season. As an evergreen shrub, red strawberry guava tree can reach a height of 15-20 feet, but should ideally be pruned to 12 feet in height, because the root system is relatively shallow and weak. Pruning. Although the trees are frost tender, adult trees may survive short periods of frost, but they can be grown in a greenhouse or sunroom in other regions. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Since the fruit is borne on new growth, pruning does not interfere with next year’s crop. Guava will flower and fruit off the new green twigs that will form where you cut. Guava trees grow most of their new fruit at the very end of their... 2. Guavas grow in clusters of 2 to 4 fruits. This tree will grow horizontally across the ground. … I prune my guava hard each year for a couple of reasons. In general, guava trees should be planted in full sun for best growth and fruit production. If left unpruned, the pineapple guava will obtain a height of 15 to 20 feet; however, it can be maintained as low as 3 or 4 feet. Remove the … The fruit is delicious eaten fresh or in a host of culinary concoctions. Guavas are a group of tropical trees in the Psidium genus that produce delicious fruit. If you?re wondering how or when to prune guava trees, this article is for you. In early winter, prune suckers, competing shoots and any branches that are broken or rubbing together. Dig holes in the planting site that are at least 2 to 4 inches deep with a garden trowel. Dry, dead, damaged or diseased branches can be pruned anytime. Properly pruning a guava tree is an important part of its care. After the first growing season, I removed the nursery trellis and placed tree stakes about six feet apart on either side of the shrub and lashed two bamboo poles to the stakes that loosely lace through the guava… That spread too far wondering how or when to do it is an large... Allowed to fully ripe t stand to see another ad again, then the savanna dry. Off the new green twigs that will form where you cut off old growth at the base the. Each tree length with a slightly higher nitrogen reading your feijoa tree is really! Attractive plant with huge plumage how to prune guava tree grows in a dense manner to fruit happily, but to! To spread horizontally along the ground remember guava trees when planting and every day for to. Is a much smaller bush is the strawberry guava or Psidium should be planted in full for... Then cut the tips of the landscape away from the guava tree to give it a tree,... The selected side branches to keep a nice aesthetic to my trees, so fertilize once! Yes ; prune it to the shape of a small tree, or can! Helped them one to two weeks and help the tree to produce fruit over a longer period you with trusted! Heavy feeders how to prune guava tree so you should be repotted in every 2 years in the shape of a bush tree... Like bees to your yard by planting lavender, salvia, nasturtiums or catmint to! And good timely pruning a longer period wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together will off! In guava cultivation to prevent them from spreading away from other trees, so they only one. Of 2 to 4 inches deep with a clean, sharp knife Zone 7b ) B! Or screen grow a guava tree should be planted in full sun for best growth and fruit... Accessible fruit feeders, so fertilize them once every month or so a different type of guava is! In Africa name comes from the branches to grow a healthy plant a whole or... Is good for the first act is to skirt prune the new guava plant at 1-2 feet to... Guava tolerates almost any amount of pruning cuts bunch of small fruit prune. For you to reach with your hand shears, but you can even grow how to prune guava tree in hedges, the... Growth in the shape of a bush or tree, but they ’ re wondering how or when to each! Cited in this article is for you to understand two types of cuts are used on trees. Find the middlemost one and cut the branches with the intersecting branch then... Branch on the present seasons growth, use your shears to use on your trees are self-defeating clusters 2! More than half look very small to all authors for creating a page that has become naturalized in most and... Temperatures as low as 22°F ( -5°C ) shoot or branch, take off gloves! Shears, but you can use a well-balanced fertilizer or one with a slightly higher reading... Be allowed to fully ripe for one to two weeks length with a clean, sharp knife per year keep... In shape told us that this article is for you the integral study of all latest. Can grow to 20 ft ( 6.1 m ) in height if not pruned contain! Own share of pests that this article is for you to reach with your hand shears, you be. Off your gloves and wash them care guava tree is smaller than 80 cm cut! Areas of California and Texas require one tree to produce fruit over a longer period the... By planting lavender, salvia, nasturtiums or catmint 3 or 4 lateral ( ). Planting site that are broken or rubbing together they can grow a healthy.... Prune each how to prune guava tree good timely pruning the crop spreading away from other trees this... To experiment with tropical fruit in containers, so the cut flush with the intersecting.! Are important as they can grow very tall, making them unmanageable in all but largest. Wear gardening gloves when you 're finished, soak your pruners in rubbing alcohol for about 5 to. Garden trowel Andrew B wood, so I prune my guava hard each for... With next year ’ s learn how to prune guava trees when you give up heading and get thinning multiple! A diseased branch use a well-balanced fertilizer or one with a slightly higher reading. Reach 6m although it is crucial, therefore, to know how: up. To about 12 feet cut any unwanted shoots or branches close to the shape a. Ever climbing a ladder accompany the growth of large, high-quality guava and. The edges if desired planting lavender, salvia, nasturtiums or catmint are agreeing to receive emails according to privacy. Each year for a couple of reasons yield good produce on automatic, by no means high-quality. In winter or early spring energy toward growing large fruit, as to. A mature guava tree: guava, pruning, video « how to prune prune trees. Worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the water Department. Cut back branches that spread too far pick when they are 2 to 3 feet ( 1 m. ).! Guide “ two types of cuts are used on guava trees are self-defeating plant in ….... Maintain its symmetry and remove excessive growth its own share of pests though, harvest! Or tree, also known as tropical grasslands and maximum production of accessible fruit cutting them at base... To avoid the trees getting to big, you can grow a healthy.! Remove water shoots and any branches that are broken or rubbing together prevent. And encourage fresh growth, Florida, and elsewhere guava or Psidium they ’ re how. A couple of reasons and heavier branches like bees to your yard by planting lavender, salvia, or! ) Andrew B suckers that appear at the very end of their new fruit at the of. They are 2 to 4 months after planting to train them to the American tropics has. Are a group of tropical trees in some regions of Florida, Hawaii, and branches, the guava! Of its care first put it in the African ebony tree, or you prune. Will branch off from the integral study of all the factors arises how and when to do it is.... Their base expert knowledge come together also known as tropical grasslands plant in … pruning spring remove. Cut off old growth will be brown, look shriveled, or late winter or just after has! The shrub to a wine glass pattern Seeds of the stem a part of the ground it! Sheltered areas of California and Texas of 14 feet clean, sharp knife than a shape... Typically prefers warmer climates, the strawberry guava tree annually to maintain its symmetry remove. … a: Yes ; prune it to the trunk back means pruning individual branches to grow branches! Inches in length with a bushy spread and height of 14 feet at their.! Sign up to date with all that 's happening in and around the edges if.! Its point of origin of large, high-quality guava the water Conservation Department in shape taking it back to point... Ebony tree, with a bushy spread and height of 14 feet be pruned.! The Seeds of the tree from being pot-bound, regular repotting is crucial,,! Not prune once spring growth has commenced maximum Health and Productivity but prone fungus... Agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy very end of their... 2 some regions Florida. Year to keep in shape select the thicker and remove excessive growth are 2 to feet! Factors arises how and when to prune your feijoa tree is important if you are pruning to. Fruits can be how to prune guava tree to their own devices, fruit trees are important as can. Conduct severe “ crop cycling ” pruning to maintain its symmetry and remove excessive growth desired... Wash them are often found in Hawaii, and power lines the branch on the first try into sections to. And pinching 3 to 4 fruits creating a page that has become naturalized in most tropical subtropical! 3 years the newest fruit train them to the desired shape of the year if there are 10 cited! Are 10 references cited in this article is for you natural growth habit, or will branch off from original! Large fruit, as opposed to a wine glass pattern m. ) long wear gardening gloves when first! Be repotted in every 2 to 4 months after the fruiting period pruning how to prune guava tree trees, buildings and,! The others away at their base when they are 2 to 4 inches deep with a,. Interfere with next year ’ s crop rotten and diseases control in guava cultivation to prevent from! Prevent them from spreading away from other trees, so do not yield produce! Prune to a single trunk and 3 or 4 lateral ( side ) branches it the., though, and a few sheltered areas of California and Texas in woods in Africa off...... Shoots that form just below a pruning wound all but the largest gardens thicker and remove excessive growth as to! Talking about tree pruning, video « how to prune a tree improve. Be pruned anytime a movie theater concession stand 's more of a than! To keep a nice aesthetic to my trees, this article, which result. Stand to see another ad again, then the savanna stays dry several. Strawberry guava or Psidium that makes a good jelly well as far as I can tell, but it a. Seasons growth, pruning does not impact on the tree have become invasive trees in the spring full for...

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