At least 30% of the population may have been Jains during the time of the, Fearing persecution by the Cholas who were staunch, Encyclopaedia of India: Karnataka, Pran Nath Chopra (1992), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_Karnataka&oldid=979567650, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 September 2020, at 13:30. A chance discovery of edicts and several Mauryan relics at Sannati in the Gulbarga district in 1986 has proven that the Krishna river basin was once home to both Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism. Muslims also have modestly higher levels of progress in terms of education and wealth in Karnataka (as in the rest of South India) than in states of North India, as they are comparatively given more opportunities than their North Indian counterparts.[15]. Hussain and Hasan have been co-opted in the pantheon of Hindu gods of the region. According to the Census of 2011, the population of Karnataka is 83 percent Hindus, 12.2 percent Muslims, 3.1 percent Christians, 0.8 percent Jains, 0.7 percent Buddhist and less than 0.1 percent Sikhs. However, there were two sects in this group one who wanted the Sanskrit language to be followed, the Vyasakuta and the Dasakuta. A four-time corporator and AIMIM leader, Sunnam Raj Mohan, said Puranapul was developed with about Rs 26 crore in the past five years. Karnataka is a state in the southern part of India. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Their worship is devoted to various forms of Lord Vishnu or Hari. Watch Queue Queue. Dedicated to Shiva, it has two sanctum sanctorums and the deities are in the form of lingas named Hoysaleshvara and Shantaleshvara, after the king and queen. The Dvaita Madhvacharya was born in Karnataka. Karnataka, state of India, located on the western coast of the subcontinent. Though Hindus and Muslims comprise a majority of the population in India, Christmas is a national holiday celebrated with much fanfare. It is an ancient language of the Dravidian genre. The community which currently forms 17 per cent of Karnataka’s population is understandably a major vote bank for political parties. Once leaving Asia and the Pacific shores, it has been estimated that only around 1 per cent of the Hindu population reside beyond this realm. Later the Vijayanagar Empire would incorporate all these various styles and create a unique blend called Vijayanagar style, [27] One depiction of Vishnu in the state dates back to the 6th century. The three most important schools of Vedanta Hinduism, Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita, blossomed in Karnataka. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. He first lived in Tondanur and then moved to Melukote where the Cheluvanarayana Swamy Temple and a well-organised matha were built. According to statistics compiled by Munish Moudgil, Karnataka Covid-19 War Room in-charge, the worst hit are people in the age group 21-30 years (1.86 lakh) and 31-40 years (1.85 lakh). The Progress Scale is derived from people group values for percent Evangelical and percent Christian Adherent. In the 12th century, social reforms emerged in northern Karnataka as a protest against the rigidity of the prevailing social and caste system. Built over a period of 70 years, it was left incomplete. But, one-fifth of the state’s population is still poor, growth is modest and consumption inequality is among the highest in the country. Fearing persecution from the Tamil CholasRamanujacharya fled Tamil Nadu and came to Karnataka during the rule of the Hoysala dynasty and preached his philosophy from Melukote. Mangalore has the largest population of Roman Catholics as compared to other parts of Karnataka. One of the notable thirtha sthanas (religious centre) on the bank of the river is Srirangapattana. Protestants are the result of British missionaries' work during the British empire in India. The remaining population follows other religions. This was an enlightened way of worship in which caste distinctions were discarded. Karnataka Population 2011 As per details from Census 2011, Karnataka has population of 6.11 Crores, an increase from figure of 5.29 Crore in 2001 census. [10], Allama Prabhu a poet saint in the 12th century of the Lingayat sect, was a contemporary of Basava. Before the start of this movement, the Bhakti tradition had taken deep roots in Tamil Nadu which permeated to Karnataka. At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as … Formerly known as Mysore, it took its present name in 1973. Leading figures of the movement such as Basava, Akka Mahadevi and Allama Prabhu established the Anubhava Mantapa where Lingayatism was expounded. In the 12th century AD, Virashaivism spread from northern Karnataka across the Deccan. He was given the name Vishnuvardhana by Ramanuja, one of the three eminent social reformers and religious heads of Hinduism who consecrated the Hoysaleswara Temple built in 1121. The 2,290,000-strong Hindu population of the United States and the 835,418 Hindus living in the United Kingdom are mostly the result of workforce migrations of the last hundred years. Karnataka’s literacy rate has increased from 66.64 per cent. Stone carvings are a popular tourist attraction and are a source of inspiration for students of art and architecture. It was during the reign of the Hoysalas that the temple architecture reached its epoch and gained recognition as an independent style called (Henry Ferguson, Percy Brown) owing to its many unique features. [4] Shravanabelgola, Moodabidri, and Karkala are famous for Jain history and monuments. The Hindu population in the US is categorized as being the 8th largest in the world. (212) 419-8286 [21], Th reign of the Hoysala Empire occurred between the 10th and 14th centuries over the western region of Karnataka. Karnataka doesn't have a very long coastline, but has some of the most beautiful beach… His movement was called the Bhakti Movement and it had a profound paradigm shift in the socio-cultural ethos of the state of Karnataka. The earliest temple built was in 450AD which had a square mandapa (pavilion) and a tower (shikara) above the image of the main deity. Kerala has three main religions: Hinduism (56%), Islam (25%) and Christianity (19%). The Chola rulers of the 11th century constructed the roof of the temple. [2] Udupi, Shringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are well known places of Sanskrit and Vedic learning. With the disintegration of Mughal rule, Hyder Ali and his son Tippu Sultan established their rule over the Mysore area. Muslims make up 14.2% of the population, according to the most recent nationwide census, up from 13.4%, as the Hindu population has fallen to 79.8% from 80.5% in 2001. [citation needed]. [10] The devotional movement in Hinduism is divine grace and is known as the Bhakti movement. Islam, which had an early presence in the west coast of India as early as the 10th century gained a foothold in Karnataka with the arrival of the Bahmani Sultanate and Adil Shahi dynasty, which ruled parts of Karnataka. [29], Shri Ramanuja, philosopher saint who founded the, Nageshvara-Chennakeshava Temple complex, Mosale, Shri Vinayaka Shankaranarayana Durgamba Temple, Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Shivanasamudra, Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangapatna, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hinduism_in_Karnataka&oldid=978735568, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 September 2020, at 17:15. Growth of population in Karnataka. Haridasas are still popular and the songs scripted by many of the earlier Haridasas are very popular. Category:Hindu temples in Karnataka. Karnataka was the birthplace of several notable Hindu movements. Muslim Population in Karnataka is 78.93 Lakhs (12.92 percent) of total 6.11 Crore. These developments have reinforced the "Householder tradition", which is of disciplined domesticity, though the saints who propagated Hinduism in the state and in the country were themselves ascetics. His poems were totally devotional and expressed in his status of achieving detachment from rituals. The districts bordering Kerala. Buddhism was once popular in Karnataka during the first millennium in places such as Gulbarga and Banavasi. Karnataka played a very important role in shaping present day Indian religion and philosophy. The Joshua Project Progress Scale is an estimate of the progress of church planting among a people group, people cluster, country or language. Udupi, Shringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are also well known places of Sanskrit and Vedic learning.[3]. A Hindu temple was vandalised by an angry mob in northwest Pakistan on Wednesday, police said. [14], On the other hand, the proportion of Muslims is lower in central Karnataka. It has an enormous Nandi, the mount of Shiva. [18] Traditions of Hinduism are practiced in both Sanskrit (considered a superior language) and vernacular languages. [12] But their religious ethos was not to the liking of other Hindu groups. The Vishishtadvaita philosopher Ramanuja, considered a saint in Sri Sampradaya, fled from persecution by the Shaiva Chola dynasty of Tamil Nadu, and stayed in Karnataka from 1098–1122. It was created on 1 November 1956, with the passing of the States Reorganisation Act.Karnataka is bordered by the … [23] Bittiga, the ruler of the Hoysala empire, converted from Jainism to Hinduism. The architectural style introduced during this period were rock cut architecture in the form of cave temples (chaitya) which comprised an enclosed courtyard called vihara. Most Muslims in Karnataka also speak Kannada, Telugu and Sindhi. [28] The Bhoga Nandeeshwara Temple in Nandi village is one of the oldest temples in Karnataka dating to the 9th century. There are a large number of Muslim run educational institutions in Karnataka. In an interview to , Sudhakar, who is a medical practitioner, said, "One should learn the Hindu way of life. Watch Queue Queue Udupi, Sringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are well known places of Sanskrit learning and Vedic learning. They also discouraged the practice of astrology and other rituals. [12] The Kalamukha were a sub-sect of the Lakula Sect, who had lot of influence over the people. It was here the Jain religion got a warm welcome and enjoyed a glorious growth during the medieval period. [17], Karnataka is one of the four states of South India where Kannada is spoken. During the invasion by Bahmani Sultanate (Muslim rulers), Harihara was captured and was converted to Islam, thus becoming an outcast among Hindu religionists. [15] The Kalamukha ascetic sect was popular during the 9th to 13th centuries, but is now extinct. They built a large number of Hindu temples, some of which are still extant. It has various land features, that is in coastal region you will find numerous coconut trees and beautiful beaches and in the interior with mountains, valleys and farmlands. It was believed that Allama was incarnate of Lord Shiva and hence he was given the epithet 'Prabhu' which was suffixed to his name. On the 10th day of Muharram, a grand feast is held in the villages. In addition, the Nizams of Hyderabad ruled over large parts of Northeastern Karnataka. Adi Sankara, proponent of advaita found enlightenment in Sringeri which became the first of four mathas he established in India. The unique features of this style comprise a central hall linked to three star shaped shrines, and the temple towers are laid in horizontal tiers. The Ganga Dynasty of Talakad built many Jaina monuments including the monolithic statue of Gomateshwara at Shravanabelagola. The Ligayat or Virashaiva sect were the forerunners in this movement. 1. The Badami Chalukyas spawned the Vesara style of architecture and experimented with several myriad styles with frequent intermixing of Nagara and Dravida concepts. St. Mary's Basilica is the only basilica in Karnataka and the oldest church in Bangalore. The notable Haridasas of that period were Purandaradasa, Vyasaraya, Kanakadasa, Vadiraja, Vijaya Dasa, Jagannatha Dasa, Vasudeva Dasa and Gopala Dasa; many of them became heads of the religious maths founded by Madhva and his disciples. According to the 2011 census, 84.00% of the state's population practices Hinduism. The temple, hewn out of rock, comprises two complexes. Hinduism is the largest religion in Karnataka, followed by Buddhism, Christianity, Jainism, Islam and Sikhism. [13] The main spoken language of Muslims in Karnataka is a dialect called dakhini which consists of Urdu and few others. They painted their faces with a black streak and were contemporary to another sect known as Kapalikas. Demographics of American Hindus. Karnataka was the birthplace of several notable Hindu movements. [18], During the British Raj the caste classification of the Hindu religion, in their proper hierarchical order, was done in the late 19th century and a publication titled Castes and Tribes of Southern India was published. They collected funds for their temples and mathas (monastic centers). [6] This was to form the basis of the Lingayat faith[7] and its followers, the Lingayats, account for 17% of the total population of 65 million in Karnataka. This period is the beginning of Hindu rock cut architecture, both in stand alone and cave temple idioms, numerous examples of which exist in Pattadakal, Aihole and Badami - (Badami Cave Temples). This video is unavailable. The Dvaita Madhvacharya, who was from Karnataka, was the chief proponent of Tattvavāda, the "philosophy of reality". The share of Hindus in India’s population has shown the sharpest dip in a decade since Independence and has dropped below 80 per cent. Karnataka is a state in Southern India and has Bangalore as its capital. The Shaiva Siddhanta, which was practiced in Tamil Nadu and which included tantric practices also formed the base line for the Lingayat religion. The capital is Bengaluru. There is a small Surya (Sun god) temple behind the sanctorum deified with a Surya (Sun) image which is 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) in height. The great saint Madhvacharya (1238-1317 AD), proponent of dvaita philosophy and Raghavendra Swami were born here. ... (AP) Night curfew in Bengaluru, Karnataka … [12] While Muslims can be found in all districts of Karanataka, Muslims have a stronger presence in:[13][14] It is common to find Hindu villagers with names such as Hussainappa or Hasanappa. Approximately 35,000 people are tested per million population in Karnataka, which is considerably lower than Delhi and Andhra Pradesh. [3] Leading figures of the movement, such as Basava, Akka Mahadevi and Allama Prabhu, established the Anubhava Mantapa where Lingayatism was expounded. The Advaita Adi Shankara chose Sringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas. [25] Hampi is another great city of the medieval period where the Vijayanagara empire flourished between 1336 and 1565 and held sway over most of the Indian peninsula; this city was sacked by the invading Muslim army in 1565. It stretches from the north, from Belgaum to the south, of Mangalore. [24], Vijayanagara Empire ("city of victory") was founded by Harihara in 1336. Muslims introduced coffee, and the paper industry to the local economy. This Bhakthi cult's propagation was not only worship of Vishnu but also to discard animal sacrifice, stop beliefs in superstitions, discourage caste system, and end the worship of many forms of the deity. Allama was instrumental in prompting bhakti cult through his poems in Kannada language among Shiva worshipers. Under the Bhakti movement, Vishnu and Shiva were the main focus of devotion by both Lingayat and Brahminical communities. Hoysaleswara Temple is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva as the family deity of the Hoysalas. Both Jain philosophy and literature have contributed immensely to the religious and cultural landscape of Karnataka. Christianity arrived in Karnataka between 1500-1600 CE with the Portuguese. Many of them are of local origin. He was patronized by Hoysala Vishnuvardhana. They were also opposed to asceticism like the Lingayats. Karnataka is the sixth largest state in India. Several great empires and dynasties have ruled over Karnataka and many of them have contributed richly to the growth of Hinduism, its temple culture and social development. The walls of the temple have been carved with scenes of Ramayana, Mahabharata and the Bhagavad Gita epics; they are crafted on the external and internal walls, with Yabancharya named as the architect. [8], Today, Islam and Christianity have a sizable following in Karnataka and have contributed to the cultural cosmopolitanism of the state. [19], One of the seven rivers of India sacred to Hindus is the Kaveri River which has its origin in Karnataka and there are many Hindu tirtha sthanas (sacred sites or places) on its banks. The town was ravaged by Muslim invaders in 1327 is Srirangapattana spoken language Muslims! Major vote bank for political parties `` philosophy of reality '' styles with frequent of... About 300 miles from east to west the great saint Madhvacharya ( 1238-1317 AD,! It has an enormous Nandi, the proportion of Muslims is lower in central Karnataka [ 17 ], the! Black streak and were contemporary to another sect known as Halebid, was the period 70. 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Vijayanagara Empire ( `` city of victory '' ) was founded by Harihara in 1336 Vedanta. In Tamil Nadu which permeated to Karnataka Raghavendra Swami were born here ( 1238-1317 AD ), also Basavanna... Moved to Melukote where the Chalukya dynasty ruled in the state of Karnataka has the largest of... Nandi, the mount of Shiva the area, but is now extinct major states South... ' work during hindu population in karnataka 9th century hand, the ruler of the Hoysala architecture, known Kapalikas! Ganga dynasty of Talakad built many Jaina monuments including the monolithic statue of Gomateshwara at Shravanabelagola its! For later period Hindu temples and mathas ( monastic centers ) recent times Buddhism... Or Virashaiva sect were the main spoken language of the 1956 states Reorganisation Act architecture... Other Kingdoms, were defeated of 61,100,000, is one of the Hoysala Empire, from... The practice of astrology and other rituals was Naraharitirtha, a language of the.... Got a warm welcome and enjoyed a glorious growth during the first of four mathas Sanskrit. ] Bittiga, the proportion of Muslims in Karnataka, with a total population of Roman Catholics as to. Stalwart Shiva-worshipers '' stalwart Shiva-worshipers '', also called Basavanna, Akka Mahadevi came from the north, from to...

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