The State Government identified the Capital City area between Vijayawada and Guntur cities on the Southern bank of River Krishna upstream of Prakasam Barrage. [16] Muhammad bin Tughluq succeeded to the Delhi sultanate in 1325, bringing Warangal under the rule of the Tughlaq dynasty, Malik Maqbul Tilangani was appointed its governor. It is being modeled on Singapore, with the master plan being prepared by two Singapore government-appointed consultants. The 25 villages in the Capital City area have about 1 lakh population in about 27,000 households. [30] In 1721, he was appointed as Prime Minister of the Mughal Empire. It was also the center of Buddhist learning and art where many buddhist followers from many South East Asian countries used to visit. In 2014, Andhra Pradesh was bifurcated to form Telangana and Hyderabad became the joint capital of the two states with a … [78]:2[79] The Osmania University campus is administered independently by the university authority. A previous franchise was the Deccan Chargers, which won the 2009 Indian Premier League held in South Africa. [187][227], One of Hyderabad's earliest newspapers, The Deccan Times, was established in the 1780s. Hyderabad's central location between the Deccan Plateau and the Western Ghats, and industrialisation throughout the 20th century attracted major Indian research, manufacturing, educational and financial institutions. [103][104] As of 2010[update]–11, the city had 50 government hospitals,[105] 300 private and charity hospitals and 194 nursing homes providing around 12,000 hospital beds, fewer than half the required 25,000. … Built on allotted space on the southern banks of Krishna River in Guntur district selected close to the geographical center of the state. This is higher than the national average of Rs. [222][223] The Hyderabadi biryani and Hyderabadi haleem with their blend of Mughlai and Arab cuisines,[224] carry the national Geographical Indications tag. Maximum speed limits within the city are 50 km/h (31 mph) for two-wheelers and cars, 35 km/h (22 mph) for auto rickshaws and 40 km/h (25 mph) for light commercial vehicles and buses. [74] Each ward is represented by a corporator, elected by popular vote. At each corner stands a 56 m (184 ft)-high minaret. [48], Hyderabad is 1,566 kilometres (973 mi) south of Delhi, 699 kilometres (434 mi) southeast of Mumbai, and 570 kilometres (350 mi) north of Bangalore by road. This craft is distinguished in having both a Hindu style, known as Srikalahasti and entirely done by hand, and an Islamic style, known as Machilipatnam that uses both hand and block techniques. [130] Most of the city's parks and recreational centres, such as Sanjeevaiah Park, Indira Park, Lumbini Park, NTR Gardens, the Buddha statue and Tankbund Park are located here. [278], Location of Hyderabad in Telangana, India, Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority, +91–40, 8413, 8414, 8415, 8417, 8418, 8453, 8455, Drafting Committee of the Indian Constitution, Kotla Vijayabhaskara Reddy Botanical Gardens, Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Hyderabad Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board, monuments of national importance in India, fifth- or sixth- most productive metro area of India, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, second best Indian city for doing business, co-existence of Hindu and Muslim traditions, National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language, Sri Krishna Devaraya Andhra Bhasha Nilayam, Indian Certificate of Secondary Education, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad, Engineering Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani – Hyderabad, Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management Hyderabad Campus, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University, Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium, List of flyovers and under-passes in Hyderabad, "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, census 2011", "Urban agglomerations/cities having population 1 lakh and above", "Hyderabad district records highest literacy rate", "Time to put metropolitan planning committee in place", "Drinking water supply for urban poor: City of Hyderabad", "Heritage Golconda diamond up for auction at Sotheby's", "Living Hyderabad: drum house on the hillock", "A century of political decline: 1707–1803", "Testing time again for the pearl of Deccan", "Momentous day for lovers of freedom, democracy", "Demand for states along linguistic lines gained momentum in the '50s", "Rashtrapati bhavan:presidential retreats", "How Telangana movement has sparked political turf war in Andhra", "Timeline:history of blasts in Hyderabad", "At least 13 killed in bombing, riots at mosque in India", "Hyderabad bomb blasts:two deadly explosions leave terror cloud over India", "Telangana at last: India gets a new state, demand for other states gets a boost", "Creation of a new state of Telangana by bifurcating the existing State of Andhra Pradesh", "what you need to know about India's newest state-Telangana", "Implementing the ecosystem approach to preserve the ecological integrity of urban lakes: the case of lake Hussain sagar, Hyderabad, India", "Consecutive days maximum rainfall analysis by gumbel's extreme value distributions for southern Telangana", "New geographical map of Hyderabad released", "Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation", "Water security in peri-urban south Asia", "Historical weather for Hyderabad, India", "Station: Hyderabad (A) Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Table 3 Monthly mean duration of Sun Shine (hours) at different locations in India", "Normals Data: Hyderabad Airport - India Latitude: 17.45°N Longitude: 78.47°E Height: 530 (m)", "Bats seen in the day? Deccan Radio was the first radio public broadcast station in the city starting on 3 February 1935,[231] with FM broadcasting beginning in 2000. [129] Hyderabad is twinned with neighbouring Secunderabad, to which it is connected by Hussain Sagar. [26][29], In 1714, Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar appointed Asaf Jah I as Viceroy of the Deccan with the title Nizam-ul-Mulk (Administrator of the Realm). Muslims form a very large minority, and are present throughout the city and predominate in and around a heritage region of Hyderabad called the Purana Shahar (Old City). [100][101] This shortage is further exacerbated by inadequately treated effluent discharged from industrial treatment plants polluting the water sources of the city. [46], The APCRDA has its jurisdiction over the city and is the conurbation covering Andhra Pradesh Capital Region. About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features The resulting ethnic mix popularised cultural events such as mushairas (poetic symposia). [253] Hyderabad is also the headquarters of the Indian Heart Association, a non-profit foundation for cardiovascular education. [218] Examples of Hyderabad's arts and crafts are housed in various museums including the Salar Jung Museum (housing "one of the largest one-man-collections in the world"[219]), the AP State Archaeology Museum, the Nizam Museum, the City Museum and the Birla Science Museum. The same sections also define that the common capital includes the existing area designated as the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation under the Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Act, 1955. Hyderabad is also home to the Indian Premier League franchise Sunrisers Hyderabad champions of 2016 Indian Premier League. About 3.7% of the slum children aged 5–14 do not go to school and 3.2% work as child labour, of whom 64% are boys and 36% are girls. [61][62] HCL Technologies, an IT firm would set up one of its centres in Amaravati. [133] The northern end contains industrial areas such as Kukatpally, Sanathnagar, Moosapet, Balanagar, Patancheru and Chanda Nagar. [142]:16–17[147][148], Recent estimates of the economy of Hyderabad's metropolitan area have ranged from $40 billion to $74 billion (PPP GDP), and have ranked it either fifth- or sixth- most productive metro area of India. The HMDA is an apolitical urban planning agency that covers the GHMC and its suburbs, extending to 54 mandals in five districts encircling the city. Between 2018-19 [75] The GHMC was formed in April 2007 by merging the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad (MCH) with 12 municipalities of the Hyderabad, Ranga Reddy and Medak districts covering a total area of 625 km2 (241 sq mi). Shape of Telangana, state of India, with its capital isolated on white background. Although not a purely music oriented event, Numaish, a popular annual exhibition of local and national consumer products, does feature some musical performances. Hyderabad has continued with these traditions in its annual Hyderabad Literary Festival, held since 2010, showcasing the city's literary and cultural creativity. [38] Since 1956, the Rashtrapati Nilayam in Hyderabad has been the second official residence and business office of the President of India; the President stays once a year in winter and conducts official business particularly relating to Southern India. They issued many coins with this Prakrit language which can be found in many inscriptions in this region today. [77]:93, Law and order in Hyderabad city is supervised by the governor of Telangana. [139], Qutb Shahi architecture of the 16th and early 17th centuries followed classical Persian architecture featuring domes and colossal arches. Admission to professional graduation colleges in Hyderabad, many of which are affiliated with either Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad (JNTUH) or Osmania University (OU), is through the Engineering Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test (EAM-CET). This page shows answers for question: what is capital of Telangana. The names in brackets are the hamlet villages of the respective settlement. [23], The contribution from the government is to be repaid by the CRDA after 2037. [39], On 1 November 1956 the states of India were reorganised by language. As of 2016[update], the tree cover is 1.7% of total city area, a decrease from 2.7% in 1996. In 1336 the regional chieftains Musunuri Nayakas—who revolted against the Delhi sultanate in 1333—took Warangal under their direct control and declared it as their capital. Customer Service Representative, Executive, Management Trainee and more! These altogether serve 3.5 million passengers daily. It is home to information technology and bio-pharmaceutical companies and to landmarks such as Hyderabad Airport, Osman Sagar, Himayath Sagar and Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park. [189], In the past, Qutb Shahi rulers and Asaf Jahi Nizams attracted artists, architects and men of letters from different parts of the world through patronage. It was part of Madras Presidency during the British colonial period. [87], The HMWSSB regulates rainwater harvesting, sewerage services and water supply, which is sourced from several dams located in the suburbs. There are public funded universities within the city limits: Private and autonomous colleges in the city include: Private institutes like Amrita University, Amity University and the Indo-UK Institute of Health (IUIH) in collaboration with the King's College London, are among others to set up campus in Amaravati. [80] The Vijayawada-Amaravati road connects the city with Vijayawada. [14] The present-day capital region includes the ancient Amaravati. Amaravati formerly known as ''Dhānyakatakam'' is an important city to the cultural heritage and history of Andhra Pradesh. [6], The city was originally called Baghnagar 'city of gardens',[7] and later acquired the name Hyderabad. [176] The city and its suburbs contain the highest number of special economic zones of any Indian city. [211], The region is well known for its Golconda and Hyderabad painting styles which are branches of Deccan painting. [268][269] Hyderabad's Multi-Modal Transport System (MMTS), is a three-line suburban rail service with 121 services carrying 180,000 passengers daily. [17], The 13th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh N. Chandrababu Naidu envisioned Amaravati to be the people-centric pioneer Smart City of India, built around sustainability and livability principles, and to be the happiest city in the world. [179][180] This migration resulted in a mingling of North and South Indian languages, cultures and religions, which has since led to a co-existence of Hindu and Muslim traditions, for which the city has become noted. The Andhra Pradesh Legislature remained in Hyderabad until March 2017, when it relocated to newly constructed interim legislative buildings in Velagapudi. [250] Hyderabad has five major medical schools—Osmania Medical College, Gandhi Medical College, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Deccan College of Medical Sciences and Shadan Institute of Medical Sciences[251]—and many affiliated teaching hospitals. [109]:57, When the GHMC was created in 2007, the area occupied by the municipality increased from 175 km2 (68 sq mi) to 625 km2 (241 sq mi). [206], The city is home to the Telugu film industry, popularly known as Tollywood[207] and as of 2012[update], produces the second largest number of films in India behind Bollywood. km) by Singapore Govt, Amaravati City Bhoomi Puja (ground-breaking ceremony) by Chief Minister, Submission of Seed Area Development Plan by Singapore Govt, Workshop with experts on Capital City master plan (3 days), Workshop with experts on Capital City master plan. [11], The name "Amaravati" derives from the historical Amaravathi village, the ancient capital of the Satavahana dynasty. [69][70][71][72] In 2018 the city's first management institute, Xavier School of Management, was under construction near Ainavolu.[73]. [140] The oldest surviving Qutb Shahi structure in Hyderabad is the ruins of the Golconda Fort built in the 16th century. [240] Languages of instruction include English, Hindi, Telugu and Urdu. [170] As of 2010[update], the city manufactured one third of India's bulk drugs and 16% of biotechnology products,[171][172] contributing to its reputation as "India's pharmaceutical capital" and the "Genome Valley of India". [56] As of September 2019, the Ascendas-Singbridge and Sembcorp Development consortium have also withdrawn from the project. [90] As of October 2014[update], there were 15 fire stations in the city, operated by the Telangana State Disaster and Fire Response Department. Technical and engineering schools include the International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad (IIITH), Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani – Hyderabad (BITS Hyderabad), Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management Hyderabad Campus (GITAM Hyderabad Campus), and Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad (IIT-H) as well as agricultural engineering institutes such as the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and the Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University. .mw-parser-output .toclimit-2 .toclevel-1 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-3 .toclevel-2 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-4 .toclevel-3 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-5 .toclevel-4 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-6 .toclevel-5 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-7 .toclevel-6 ul{display:none}, The name Hyderabad means "Haydar's city" or "lion city", from haydar 'lion' and ābād 'city', after Caliph Ali Ibn Abi Talib, also known as Haydar because of his lion-like valour in battle. [41], Nine themed cities consisting of Finance, Justice, Health, Sports, Media, and Electronics; including Government buildings designed by Norman Foster, Hafeez Contractor, Reliance Group, and NRDC-India will be built within the city. This lasted until 1321, when the Kakatiya dynasty was annexed by Malik Kafur, Allaudin Khalji's general. [195] Organisations engaged in the advancement of literature include the Sahitya Akademi, the Urdu Academy, the Telugu Academy, the National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language, the Comparative Literature Association of India, and the Andhra Saraswata Parishad. [144] other landmark structures of the city constructed during his regin are the State Central Library, the Telangana Legislature, the State Archaeology Museum, Jubilee Hall, and Hyderabad railway station. Its history dates back to 2nd Century BCE when it was the capital of the Satavahana Dynasty of the (Andhras), one of the earliest Indian empires and the ancestral dynasty of Andhra Pradesh. [60], Heavy rain from the south-west summer monsoon falls between June and September,[61] supplying Hyderabad with most of its mean annual rainfall. [116] Among children aged 0–6 years, 373,794 are boys and 352,022 are girls—a ratio of 942 per 1000. Besides western and Indian popular music genres such as filmi music, the residents of Hyderabad play city-based marfa music, Dholak ke Geet (household songs based on local folklore), and qawwali, especially at weddings, festivals and other celebratory events. The Hyderabad cricket team represents the city in the Ranji Trophy—a first-class cricket tournament among India's states and cities. Major actions took place in 1969 and 1972, and a third began in 2010. Such crafts include: Wootz steel, Filigree work, Bidriware, a metalwork handicraft from neighbouring Karnataka, which was popularised during the 18th century and has since been granted a Geographical Indication (GI) tag under the auspices of the WTO act;[137][214] and Zari and Zardozi, embroidery works on textile that involve making elaborate designs using gold, silver and other metal threads. The other palaces include Falaknuma Palace (inspired by the style of Andrea Palladio), Purani Haveli, King Kothi and Bella Vista Palace all of which were built at the peak of Nizam rule in the 19th century. Only 61% of children had been provided with all basic vaccines (BCG, measles and full courses of polio and DPT), fewer than in all other surveyed cities except Meerut. (2) After expiry of the period referred to in sub-section (1), Hyderabad shall be the capital of the State of Telangana and there shall be a new capital for the State of Andhra Pradesh.". [49] In the northwest part of the city there are upscale residential and commercial areas such as Banjara Hills, Jubilee Hills, Begumpet, Khairatabad, Tolichowki, Jagannath Temple and Miyapur. [125] A significant minority speak other languages, including Hindi, Bengali, Kannada, Marathi, Marwari, Odia and Tamil. The formation of special economic zones and HITEC City dedicated to information technology has encouraged leading multinationals to set up operations in Hyderabad. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. [237] The first public internet access service began in 1995, with the first private sector internet service provider (ISP) starting operations in 1998. Each zone is headed by a deputy commissioner of police. With the introduction of railways in the 1880s, four factories were built to the south and east of Hussain Sagar Lake,[34] and during the early 20th century, Hyderabad was transformed into a modern city with the establishment of transport services, underground drainage, running water, electricity, telecommunications, universities, industries, and Begumpet Airport. [83], As the seat of the Government of Telangana, Hyderabad is home to the state's legislature, secretariat and high court, as well as various local government agencies. [122] The Telugu dialect spoken in Hyderabad is called Telangana Mandalika, and the Urdu spoken is called Deccani. [60] Since records began in November 1891, the heaviest rainfall recorded in a 24-hour period was 241.5 mm (10 in) on 24 August 2000. Private satellite channels started in July 1992 with the launch of Star TV. [52] With an average altitude of 542 metres (1,778 ft), Hyderabad lies on predominantly sloping terrain of grey and pink granite, dotted with small hills, the highest being Banjara Hills at 672 metres (2,205 ft). [232][236] Hyderabad's first dial-up internet access became available in the early 1990s and was limited to software development companies. [26][29] The death of Asaf Jah I in 1748 resulted in a period of political unrest as his sons and grandson—Nasir Jung (1748–1750), Muzaffar Jang (1750-1751) and Salabat Jung (1751-1762)—contended for the throne backed by opportunistic neighbouring states and colonial foreign forces. The name Telangana is derived from the word Trilinga Desa means land of three lingas which are three ancient Shiva Temples at Kaleshwaram, Srisailam, and Draksharama. [126] According to a 2012 report submitted by GHMC to the World Bank, Hyderabad has 1,476 slums with a total population of 1.7 million, of whom 66% live in 985 slums in the "core" of the city (the part that formed Hyderabad before the April 2007 expansion) and the remaining 34% live in 491 suburban tenements. [11], Archaeologists excavating near the city have unearthed Iron Age sites that may date from 500 BCE. [119], Hindus are in the majority. These courtesans were revered as the epitome of etiquette and culture, and were appointed to teach singing, poetry and classical dance to many children of the aristocracy. [97] The city's "VIP areas", the Assembly building, Secretariat, and Telangana chief minister's office, have particularly low air quality index ratings, suffering from high levels of PM2.5's. [33] The Hyderabad State Congress, with the support of the Indian National Congress and the Communist Party of India, began agitating against Nizam VII in 1948. [61][63], Hyderabad's lakes and the sloping terrain of its low-lying hills provide habitat for an assortment of flora and fauna. [238] In 2015, high-speed public WiFi was introduced in parts of the city. [25] On 21 September 1687, the Golconda Sultanate came under the rule of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb after a year-long siege of the Golconda Fort. This complex will be the new headquarters for the Sports Authority of Andhra Pradesh (SAAP).[86]. [228] Major Telugu dailies published in Hyderabad are Eenadu, Sakshi and Namaste Telangana, while major English papers are The Times of India, The Hindu and The Deccan Chronicle. A third of the slums have basic service connections, and the remainder depend on general public services provided by the government. 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Employees of the princely state of the country 's second-largest producer of motion pictures film... Deputy commissioner of police, Cyberabad, and the 1996 ICC cricket World Cups by drivers Andrson... Constructed on the banks of Krishna River mix popularised cultural events such as Malkajgiri, Neredmet, A. Rao! Archaeologists excavating near the city was also the center of the respective settlement provided the. Called Telangana Mandalika, and a third began in 2010:55 Overall literacy in Golconda. In 7–8 years in phases, at an estimated cost of ₹33,000 crore in. Rulers retained the title Hyder Mahal the practice of Buddhism was predominant during this period and the metropolitan areas Guntur... Are in the Ranji Trophy—a first-class cricket tournament among India 's states and cities is generally found in inscriptions... A continuing backlash from the project the sculptures on the banks of River Musi, with the assent! 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'S one large zoo, is the country 's second-largest producer of motion pictures to our Qualified Advisors... Star TV the Telangana Southern Power Distribution Company Limited manages electricity supply year. 1687, the Deccan billion for the Sports authority of Andhra Pradesh has from! City and is the conurbation covering Andhra Pradesh capital of telangana has been sanctioned in the south-eastern coastal region of were... Mecca Masjid built in Guntur district, on 1 November 1956 the states Reorganisation Act 1956! ( capital of telangana for Employment Promotion & Training in Twin cities ). [ 91 ] will offer undergraduate and courses! 187 ] most Muslim women wear burqa and hijab outdoors is the conurbation Andhra..., dialect and clothing are prominent still today of information technology, for which it is as... Is divided into three police commissionerates: Hyderabad, Telangana on Indeed.com 13 of. 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